Our Products

Wishing you and your family

Healthy Living always!

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Shelter Pharma Ltd. is in the dedicated service of pharmaceutical manufacturing with the experience of more than 50 years. We have an extensive range of herbal medicines, catering to Human, Veterinary and poultry healthcare in a GMP and ISO 9001:2008 standard unit.

Ingredients : Palash
English Name : Palas
Latin Name : Butea frondosa
Macroscopy : It is also known as Dhak, Dak, Flame Of The Forrest and Kesudo.

Flower mainly contains Butrin, butein and butin. Flovonoids and Steroids. Also Coreopsin, Isocoreopsin, Sulphurein and other Glycosides. Flower also has Chalkones and Aurones responsible for its bright color. Roots contain Glucose, Glycine and some Aromatic compounds. The composition of the leaves varies with the place of origin. Analysis of leaves shows they contain protein crude fibers, minerals, calcium and phosphorus. Seeds have 18 percent of fat, 19 percent of Albuminoidal substances and 6 percent of Glucose.

  • Improves memory, act as a rejuvenator and helpful in removing stress and anxiety.
  • Contains cooling and Anthelmintic properties.
  • Traditionally used for fragrance, and its flowers are used in fragrance industry.
  • Prevent hair loss.

It has cooling and anthelmintic properties. It can act as a rubefacient and anti-inflammatory agent. It reduces the number of harmful worms by a large extent and helps keep the body healthy.

Improves mental and physical energy, improves the confidence and enhances performance. It cures sexual problems effectively in combination of other drugs.

It is used traditionally For diabetes mellitus.

It kills worms in the stomach and intestine.

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Ingredients : Unnab
English Name : Jujube
Latin Name : Zizyphus Jujuba

Color: Yellowish brown It is also known as Korean date, Badara and Indian date.

Presence of 3-O-trans- and 3-O-cis-p-coumaroylalphitolic acid, and jujubosides A and B, Major characteristic constituents are triterpenes and triterpene saponins, including alphitolic, betulinic, maslinic, oleanolic, ursolic, 3-O-trans-alphitolic, 3-O-cis-p-alphitolic alphitolic, 3-O-cis-p-coumaroylalphitolic, and 3-O-transp- coumaroylalphitolic acids; and zizyphus saponins I, II, III, jujuboside B, spinosin and swertisin. Three triterpene oligoglycosides, jujubosides A1 and C, and acetyljujuboside B have been isolated from the seeds.

As an antipyretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, sedative and tonic. Traditionally for antifungal, antibacterial, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, sedative, antispastic, antifertility/contraception, hypotensive and Antinephritic, cardiotonic, antioxidant, immunostimulant, and Wound healing properties. As an antipyretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, sedative and tonic. Treatment of asthma, bronchitis, diabetes, eye diseases, inflammatory skin conditions, liver disorders, scabies, ulcers and wounds.

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Ingredients : Ark Kulinjan
English Name : Galang Rhizome
Latin Name : Alpinia galanga

The green rhizomes contain 0.6% of volatile oil. The oil contain methyl Cinamate(48%), Cineole(25%), Camphor and pinene. it also contains resin,oily pungent galangol,alpinol, and di-oxyflavanol.

It is used as an aromatic,stimulant and carminative similar to ginger.it also anti bacterial properties. It also use in a treatment of rheumatism and catarrhal affections.

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Ingredients : Brahati Mula
English Name : Salai, Shalaki
Latin Name : Boswellia serrata

The green rhizomes contain 0.6% of volatile oil. The oil contain methyl Cinamate(48%), Cineole(25%), Camphor and pinene. it also contains resin,oily pungent galangol,alpinol, and di-oxyflavanol.

It has potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects that can reduce the pain and inflammation of joints.

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Ingredients : Gullah Phool
English Name : Cabbage rose
Latin Name : Rosa centifolia

It contain volatile essential oil,fat,resin,malic,tartaric and tannic acid,it also contain aromatic volatile oil,glucoside quercitrin,gallic acid, It is a contain of acyclic monoterpene alcohols, geraniol (up to 75%), citronellol (20%) and nerol (20%), and long-chain hydrocarbons like nonadecane or heneicosane (up to 10%).

It is used as flavoring agent, perfume preparation, mild laxative properties.

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Ingredients : Katchki
English Name : Bondue fever nut
Latin Name : Caesaipinia bonducella

Chemical constituents :
The seeds contain an alkaloid caesalpinine, bitter principles such as bonducin, saponins and fixed oil.

Uses :
Wormishel : It containsbonducin which is having wormicide effect. The plant treats skin diseases, ulcers and leprosy. Buddhist Bauhinia is known to soothe gastrointestinal problems like, dysentery and diarrhea. It can also arrest hemorrhoids.

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Ingredients : Khurasani Ajmo
English Name : Henbane
Latin Name : Hyoscyamus niger

Stem is simple unbranched, and about 0.5 meter in height. Leaves are sessile and smaller than biennial plant. The plant bears flowers in July or August. Flowers re paler than those of biennial plant and veins are less deep. It is also known as Stinking Nightshade.

Hyoscyamus contains 0.045 to 0.15%alkaloids, mainly hyoscyamine and traces of hyoscine. Hyoscyamine or atropine is an ester of tropic acid and tropine. Alkaloids are present mainly in the mid-rib and petiole but absent in stems, Hyoscyamus originally contains optically active laevorotatory alkaloid l-hyoscyamine. Optically active alkaloids possess greater medicinal activity than their corresponding optically inactive isomers. During extraction from the plant because of the action of heat or chemical agents like acid or alkali optical activity of hyoscyamine is lost and the corresponding optically inactive racemic atropine is obtained. Atropine is an isomer of hyoscyamine and consists of equal parts of l-hyoscyamine and d.hyoscyamine. Atropine possesses lesser activity than hyoscyamine.

It is considered as a powerful anthelmintic and febrifuge, it is used for the treatment of stomach or intestinal pain due to worm infection. It is also sedative and analgesic by nature. Reduces pain due to internal bacterial infections.

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Ingredients : Vavding
English Name : Vidang
Latin Name : Emblia Ribes

Fruits are globular to sub-globular,warty, grayish-black 2.5 to 4 mm in diameter with remains of style at the apex. In few fruits pedicel about 1.2 mm long with persistant calyx is present. When pedicel is not present a circular scar is seen is seen at its place. Fruits are aromatic, hot and astringent. Epicarp is surface view consists of rounded cells with wrinkled cuticle. Fibro vascular bundles are irregularly placed and below these vascular bundles, layers of stone cells are placed. Endocarp consists of a single layer of palisade cells.

Active constituent is 2 percent embelin present in the seeds. It is a hydroquinone derivtive. Vilangin a dimmer of embelin is also present

It is having a direct action on tissue and provides hypoglycemic effect due to increase in insulin secretion. Uses in Livodin-12: It protects liver from the bacterial attack and provides nourishment. Uses in Wormishel and wormokill: It excels an anthelmintic and by this way kills worms.

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Ingredients : Senna
English Name : Mehendi
Latin Name : Cassia angustifolia

Leafs are ovate lanceolate in shape with entire, curled margin. Venation is pinnate. Veins anastomosing towards margin. Apex is acute with sharp spine at the apex. Base is aymmetrical and surface is pubescent. Texture is Thin and brittle. Colour of the leaves is pale grayish to green. It has a mucilaginous and slightly
bitter in taste. The size of leaf is 2 to 4 cm in length, and 7 to 12 mm. In width.

Senna leaves contain active constituents 2.5 percent sennosides A and B. Both sennosides are stereoisomers and sennoside A is dextrorotatory and sennoside B is mesoform. Sennosides C and D which are glycosides of heterodianthrones of rhein anthrone and aloe emodin anthrone, Senna also contains free chrysophanol, rhein, their mono anthrones, di anthrones and their glycosides. Further in senna, flavones, kaempferol, and isorhamnetic responsible for the colour of the drug are found. Mucilage is present in the epidermis of the leaf and gives red colour with ruthenium red. Calcium oxalate is also present

  • Senna is used as a purgative drug. Anthracene derivatives irritate the large intestine and act as purgatives. It can be used as a cleanser in constipation.
  • Senna acts as cathartic that is an agent producing evacuation of the bowels. As chaolagogue that is an agent increasing the flow of bile into the intestine and as laxative.
  • It is also a vermifuge so expel parasitic worms out of the ntestines.
  • Senna makes the bowel movement easier as it works by irritating the lining of the upper intestines which provokes reflex muscular activity in the colon,resulting in to the smoother bowel motion.
  • It is also useful for chronic gastrointestinal conditions, colic, colitis, and inflammation of alimentary canal, ulcers and spastic colon.
  • Senna is used as a purgative drug. Anthracene derivatives irritate the large intestine and act as purgative. It can be used as a cleanser in constipation.
  • Senna acts as cathartic that is an agent producing evacuation of the bowels. As chaolagogue that is an agent increasing the flow of bile into the intestine and as laxative.
  • It is also a vermifuge so expel parasitic worms out of the intestines.
  • Senna makes the bowel movement easier as it works by irritating the lining of the upper intestines which provokes reflex muscular activity in the colon, resulting in to the smoother bowel motion.
  • It is also useful for chronic gastrointestinal conditions, colic, and colitis, inflammation of alimentary canal, ulcers and spastic colon.

Senna is a vermifuge, antibacterial and antiviral. It detoxifies the circulatory system and thereby gives relief from skin bacterial and fungal infections

  • Senna is vermifuge and antibacterial in nature, so prevents the pulmonary tract against the cough and cold causing bacteria and worms.
  • Senna is carminative, anti inflammatory and antispasmodic in nature, thus sooths the respiratory tract, and relieves spasm of bronchitis and reduces inflammation.
  • It is also a vermifuge so expel parasitic worms out of the intestines. And cleanses the whole system and make it free from worms.

Senna acts as cleaning agent. It removes all the toxins present in body and mainly its action is useful during menstruation cycle. Furthermore it regularizes the digestive system.

It makes your hair strong and nourish it from roots for a silky and shiny hair. Henna usually darkens and creates deep red tones in hair.

It cures Malaria and makes the immune system stronger.

 

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Ingredients : Ark Ajwain
English Name : Ajowan, Sisonammi
Latin Name : Trachyspermum ammi

This plant is an annual plant growing 0.6 to 0.4m. The stem is hollow, striate and much branched. Umbels are compound, 5 to 10 smooth or sparsely puberulent rays. They are hermaphrodite. Lower leaves are 2-3 pinnatisect, shortly petiolate with short sheathing base. Bracts are 4-5, linear, sometimes lobed. Bracteoles
3-6, linear lanceolate. Sparseley puberulent. Flowers are white, sepals are small, acute. Petals are hairy beneath. Fruits are 15-20mm in size, ovoid, laterally compressed and covered in grey papillae.Mericarps have prominent ridges and carpophore is present. Vittae are solitary. Pedicels are 1 to 4 mm in size and
hairy.

The essential oil, 2.5 to 5% in dried fruits, is dominated by thymol. Furthermore, alpha pinene, p-cymene, limonene and gamma terpinene have been found.Monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids like cadinene, longifolene and camphor are present

It is a tonic, diuretic, expectorant, relaxes spasms, and improves digestion, antiseptic. It can be used internally for coughs, colds, influenza, diarrhoea, indigestion and colic.
It has its own aroma and can give a pleasant fragrance to the medical preparations
Due to thymol content, ajwain can be effective in treating ascarids and hookworms.

It imparts anti fungal, antimicrobial, germicide and antiseptic action. It kills hookworms and ascarids. Besides being anthelmintic, it is tonic and carminative in nature. It reduces the inflammation and pain of bacterial cause.

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Ingredients : Ashwagandha
English Name : Winter cherry
Latin Name : Withania somnifera

Young roots are straight, unbranched and conical and in commerce occur in pieces of different lengths. Thickness varies according to age and is 5-12 mm below crown. Outer surface is buff to grayish yellow and longitudinally wrinkled. On the crown 2 to 6 remains of stem bases are seen. In the transverse surface of young roots small outer bark and in the center soft solid parenchymatous mass with scattered vessels is seen. In the old and secondary roots in the center solid lignified ring of xylem is seen. Taste is mucilaginous and bitter.

Wihtania contains alkaloids and steroid lactones. Recently Biochemically heterogenous alkaloids like tropine and psudotropine, hygrine, 3 alfa tigloyloxytropin,cuscohygrine,d.l.isopelletierine and two new alkaloids anaferine and anahygrine are isolated. A new alkaloid Withasomnine.It is phenyl 1:5 trimethylene pyrazole. Steroid lactones have three different chemotypes. Chemotype A contains predominantly withaferin A, responsible for the bacteriostatic and antitumour properties. Chemotype II contains a coumpound similar in structure to withaferin and chemotype III contains a mixture of related compounds containing a new group of steroid lactones withanolides.

Ashwagandha is an excellent remedy for joint pain and muscle pain. It is also
carminative, tonic and sedative and gives relief in pain and inflammation.

It has been used for inflammations especially for arthritic and rheumatic conditions. It is also prescribing for lumbago, pains in the loins or small of the back.

It is an effective remedy which works on general fatigue, acts as a rejuvenator, treats muscular weakness and stress induced debility, sexual debility in women.

It is an effective remedy which works on general fatigue, acts as a rejuvenator, treats muscular weakness and stress induced debility

It is an excellent postpartum energy tonic and as a stimulant for milk production.

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Ingredients : Lodhar
English Name : Lodh Tree
Latin Name : Symplocos racemosa

Symposide, (-) epifzelechin; loturine, loturidine, colloturine etc.

In Menorragia due to relaxation of uterine tissue, has specific action on relaxed mucous membranes.

The bark of this herb is used for treatment of various bowel problems like dysentery,diarrhea and liver disorders. Bark is used to cure fever and other diseases such as dropsy, ulcers and eye diseases etc. Antidiarrheal ,Antimicrobial ,Spasmogenic ,Heart depressant ,Blood pressure depressant, Bark is considered cooling and mild astringent.

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Ingredients : Majith
English Name : Indian Maddar
Latin Name : Rubia cordifolia

It is a perennial climber growing 6m by 3m. This climbing plant is fonund is Himalayas and hill stations in India. The roots are long, cylindrical, the bark of the root is thin and red in colour. While the stems are four angled. Leaves are cordate-ovate, 2-8 in whorl. Flowers are hermaphrodits that is both male and female organs are present.Fruits are globose, 2 lobed and dark purplish to black in colour. It is also known as Manjistha and Manjit.

In contains anthraquinones, hydroxyanthraquinones, gallic acid and tannins. Glycosides munjistin and purpurin, xanthopurpurin or purpuroxanthin, pseudopurpurin, resins, lime salts and colouring agents.

It is used as an blood purifier and eliminates the toxins and waste materials from body.

It has a marked effect on the female reproductive organs. It is useful in veginits, metritis and pyometritis. Apart from being emmenagogue, it is a diuretic and also useful in treating urinary tract infections like urethritis and pyelonephritis and removes obstructions in urinary passages.

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Ingredients : Gandha Bihroza
English Name : Pine Tree
Latin Name : Pinus longifolia

This plant prefers light and medium soil and it is an evergreen tree growing up to 40 meters. It has leaves all around the year and flowers are monoecious. They are pollinated by wind. It is not a self fertile.

The turpentine obtained from the resin of the tree is rubefacient and vermifuge in nature. It can cure skin complaints, wounds, sores, burns, boils,etc. and used in form of liniment plasters, poultices etc.

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Ingredients : Kesuda
English Name : Bengal kino
Latin Name : Butea monosperma

It is also known as] dhak, flame of the forest, muduga oil, palas, tisso flowers and Bastard teak.

It contains hypoglycemic activity.

It gives nourishment to the scalp and follicles. It also cures the lice formation. This plant kills Mosquitoes. They are attracted by the smell and color of the flower. Eggs that are laid into the liquid within the flower will never hatch. Any mosquito that touches the fluid can never escape from it. It is also used as a pigment.

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Ingredients : Anar Chhal
English Name : Pomegranate
Latin Name : Punica granatum

Polyphenols, tannins, anthocyanins, vitamin C, A, E and folic acid, arachidic acid,carotene. Proteins, fat, carbohydrates. Also contains Phosphorus, chlorine, chlorogenic acid, calcium, boric acid, Iron, Sodium, potassium and fibers. Alkaloid pelletierine. Glycoside cerebroside, cyanidin-3-diglucoside, cyaniding-3- glucoside, delphinidin-3-glucoside. Estradiol, estrone,flavogallol, sugar fructose,matose and glucose, Ellagitannin punicalagin. Which has antimicrobial activity. Gallic acid, granatin A, garanatin B,malvidin, malvidin pentose glycoside. Punica folin, Punicic acid, puniclagin, punicalin. Water, wax.

The fruit pulp is astringent, anti inflammatory and stomachic and can be used for diarrhoea. Because of its tannin content it could be given to halt dysentery and hemorrhages. It has got anthelmintic properties and all the parts of pomegranate contain unusual alkaloid, known as pelletierine, which paralyze tapeworms so that they are easily expelled from the body. It can also be used in amoebic dysentery and leucorrhoea.

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Ingredients : Amrutphal
English Name : MGooseberry
Latin Name : Emblic myrobalan

Phenolic compounds, tannins, phyllembelic acid, phyllembelin, rutin, curcum-inoids, and emblicol.

Used in traditional medicines for the treatment of diarrhea, jaundice, and inflammation. Various plant parts show antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, antioxidant, antiulcerogenic, hepatoprotective, gastroprotective, and chemopreventive properties. Here we discuss its historical, etymological, morphological and pharmacological aspects.

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Ingredients : Angaravalli
English Name : Indian Beech Tree
Latin Name : Pongemia glabra

Leaf: Alternate, odd pinnately compound, 2 to 4 inches, evergreen, hairless. Seed: Compressed ovoid or elliptical, been-like, 10-15cm long, dark brown, oily.

It contain alkaloids demethoxy-kanugin, gamatay, glabrin, glabrosaponin, kaempferol, kankone, kanugin, karangin, neoglabrin, pinnatin, pongamol, pongapin, quercitin, saponin, ?-sitosterol and tannin. Seeds have 19.0% moisture, 27.5% fatty oil, 17.4% protein, 6.6% starch, 7.3% crude fibre and 2.4% ash. Manurial values of leaves and twigs are respectively: nitrogen 1.16, 0.71; phosphorus 0.14, 0.11; potash 0.49, 0.62; and lime (CaO), 1.54, 1.58%.

It is potential for biocidal activity against V. cholerae and E. coli, as well an antiinflammatory, antinociceptive (reduction in sensitivity to painful stimuli) and antipyretic (reduction in fever) properties. There is also research indicating that the oil can be used as a natural insecticide.

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Ingredients : Aam Gutli
English Name : Mango Seed
Latin Name : Magnifera indica

Mango is a tall evergreen tropical tree growing up30 to 100 feet tall with a dense, heavy crown. The evergreen drooping leaves resemble those of peach tree. Coppery to purplish-red at first but becoming green at maturity. They are lance-shaped and often slightly curved. The male and hermaphroditic flowers of mango, small ivory and very numerous, and fruit clusters hand outside the foliage canopy. There are over 500 names varieties of the mango. The peach-like, juicy, flavourous fruit is known all over the world. Within each fruit there is a large flat elongated fibrous stone containing a single seed. Seed colour is cream. Mango varieties produce either monoembryonic or polyembryonic seeds. Polyembryonic seeds contain more than 1 embryo and most of the embryos are genetically identical to the mother tree. Monoembryonic seeds contain 1 embryo and this embryo possesses genes from both parents.

Mangiferic acid, mangiferine, mangiferol, mangiferolic acid. 2-octene, alanine, alpha phellandrene, alpha pinene, ambolic acid, ambonic acid, arginine,ascorbic acid, beta carotene, beta pinene, carotenoids, furfurol, gallic acid, gallotannic acid, geraniol, iso mangiferolic acid, neo beta corotene, pantothenic acid, palmitoleic acid, palmitic acid, p coumaric acid, nreol, oleic acid, phytin, proline, quercetin, xanthophylls,vitamin A.

Being anthelmintic, it gives protection against diarrhoea causing bacteria. Being a rich source of Vitamin A and C it makes the digestive system more powerful and increases immunity against worms causing diarrhoea and dysentry.

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Ingredients : Ashoka Chhal
English Name : Asok, Ashok
Latin Name : Saraca indica

it contains about 6% tannin,haematoxylin,ketosterol,saponin and organic calcium and iron compound

It is used as a uterine tonic and a sedative.it stimulates the uterus by the prolonged and frequent uterine contraction.it is also a suggested in all cases of uterine bleeding.

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Ingredients : Iodine
English Name : Iodine
Latin Name : Iodii
Chemical constituents : Iodine
Uses:
Uses in Shelodex Ointment : It is used for cleansing and disinfecting the skin, preparing the skin before operation and treating infections susceptible to iodine. Uses in Agrical: It is used along with antithyroid medicines to treat certain overactive thyroid conditions.

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Ingredients : Arjun Chhal
English Name : Kumbuk, kahua bark
Latin Name : Terminalia arjuna

it contain about 15% of tannins,it also contain triterpenoid,sponin,arjunolic acid.it contain b-sitosterol,ellagic acid,arjunic acid,it also contain a calcium,aluminium and mangnesium salt,along with colouring matter and sugar the other constituents of arjuna.

It is used as a cardiotonic,it is also styptic febrifuge and antidysenteric. It possesses diuretic and tonic properties.the drug exhibits hypotensive action with vasodilation and decreased heart rates. It is used extensively in the tanneries and also as a timber.

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Ingredients : Methyl Salicylate
English Name : Methyl Ester
Latin Name : Methyl salicylate
Uses:
Uses in Shelodex Ointment : It is used as an analgesic and anti inflammatory agent.

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Ingredients : Vaseline
English Name : Petroleum Jelly
Latin Name : Patrolatum

Petroleum jelly is a mixture of hydrocarbons, having a melting point usually within a few degrees of human body temperature, which is approximately 37 °C (99 °F).[2] It is flammable only when heated to liquid, then the fumes will light, not the liquid itself, so a wick material like leaves, bark, or small twigs is needed to ignite petroleum jelly. It is colorless, or of a pale yellow color (when not highly distilled), translucent, and devoid of taste and smell when pure.

Semi-solid mixture of hydrocarbons (with carbon numbers mainly higher than 25) It is also known as white petrolatum and soft paraffin.

It is used as a base and emolient.

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Ingredients : Nagkesar
English Name : Ironwood Tree
Latin Name : Mesua ferrea

Some chemical constituents present in Nagkeshar are Mammeisin, Mesunic acid,Mesuaferrone – a, Mesuafrrone – b, Mesuaferrol, Mesuone, Leucoanthocyanidin, Mesuagin, Mammeigin, Guttiferol Triterpene and Ferrxanthone.

The herb can cure various diseases such as fever, cough, vomiting, leprosy, indigestion and cough.

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Ingredients : Shatavari
English Name : Shatavari
Latin Name : Asparagus racemosus

Commercial drug consists of peeled dried entire or broken pieces, measuring 4-12 cms in length, 6-12 mm in thickness. Roots are cylindrical, straight or slightly curved, white to buff in colour, sometimes pale brownish in colour. Entire roots are tapering on both the ends. Broken pieces show irregular uneven transverse surface. External surface shows deep irregular longitudinal furrows and minute transverse wrinkles. Broken pieces show sometimes-hollow cavity. Many times central vascular tissue projects at the cut ends, of the pieces. Drug is hard and breaks with uneven fracture and possesses bland taste, which becomes bitterish after sometime. The drug swells considerably when soaked in water and becomes soft and flaccid. The smooth transverse surface shows a wide bark and a small central narrow wood.

According to recent chemical investigations shatavari contains four steroid saponins Shatavarins 1 to 4. Shatavarin 1 is the main active glycoside of sarsasapogenin, the sugar moieties being 3 glucose and 1 rhamnose. Shatavarin 4 is structurally related to shatavarin 1 and contains 2 glucose and 1 rhamnose. Its structure was determined by spectral analysis and N.M.R.

Shatavari is cooling, tonic, demulcent and antispasmodic by nature. It can be used for swelling in joints due to rheumatism and arthritis as well as aches pain. It also provides relief in lower back pain and joint pains.

Shatavari is a soothing tonic, alternative, demulcent and refrigerant.It nourishes and rejuvenates the tissues, promotes vitality and trength. It is bitter, emollient, cooling, nervinte, appetizer and astringent. It is used for diseases of blood and nervous disorders as well as general ebility. It also possesses antihepatotoxic and immunomodulatory activities.

Shatavari is a general tonic. It strengthens the tissues of the idneys. The petrol ether extract of Shatavari shows diuretic activity. It can be used for the inflammatory diseases of urinary tract, calding of urine and for prevention of kidney stones. It has been used for urinary infection and calculi, diminished urine production of chronic kidney disease, to reduce the intensity of colic from rinary stones and pain from kidney infection. It breaks kidney stones, prevents water retention and has been used for dysuria.

Shatavari is a soothing tonic and galactogogue so it increases milk secretion during lactation. Shatavari increases the release of prolactin , increases mammary gland weight and helps in growth of lobuloalveolar tissue and thus enhance the milk output in animals with scanty milk production complaints.

Shatavari is a general tonic. It strengthens the tissues of the kidneys.The petrol ether extract of Shatavari shows diuretic activity. It can be used for the inflammatory diseases of urinary tract, calding of urine and for prevention of kidney stones. It has been used for urinary infection and calculi, diminished urine production of chronic kidney disease, to reduce the intensity of colic from urinary stones and pain from kidney infection. It breaks kidney stones, prevents water retention and has been used for dysuria.

It is alternative, aphrodisiac, demulcent, and soothing tonic in nature. It cures problems associated with vigor and vitality. It strengthens the sexual organs and cures male impotence

It maintains the normal level of sexual hormones and also relives the pain during menstruation cycle. Uses in Lactona: It imparts its effect to increase the milk production.

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Ingredients : Gokhru
English Name : Puncture vine
Latin Name : Tribulus terrestris

Saponins – glucopyranosyl galactopyrans, ruscogenin, hecogenin, diosgenin;Polysaccharides;Sterols, sitosterol, campesterol; Flavonoidskaempferol, kaempferol, glycosides, quercetin; Fatty acids – palmitic, stearic, oleic, Linoleic acid; Tannins; Potassium salts.

Cooling, Diuretic, Tonic, Aphrodisiac, used in painful Micturation, calculus affection urinary discharges, the treatment of urinary disorders, kidney diseases, diseases of the genito-urinary system, calculus affections and impotence.

It is coolant, diuretic, tonic, Aphrodisiac. Used in painful micturation, calculus affection urinary discharges, the treatment of urinary disorders, kidney diseases, diseases of the genito-urinary system, calculus affections and impotence.

Gokhru is indicated for use for regulation of heart functions, reduction of inflammation, indigestion, chronic cough and asthma also. In Ayurveda it is considered that Gokhru helps to improve vitality and vigor. Recent researches have proved it to be effective as analgesic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, lithotriptic, nervine, rejuvenative, tonic.

It helps in breaking and elimination of kidney stone from body.

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Ingredients : Galo
English Name : Guduchi
Latin Name : Tinospora cordifolia

It is a big climber that grows by climbing on large trees and found throughout tropical India, ascending to an altitude of 1000 ft. The one, which climbs the neem tree, is considered of the best quality. The stems are fleshy. Roots are long thread like, aerial, arising from branches. Bark is thin, grayish or creamy white in colour, when peeled fleshy stem is exposed. Leaves are cordate that is heart shaped, membranous and juicy. Flowers are blooming during summer. Male flowers are small, yellow or green coloured occur in clusters. Female flowers occur singly. Fruits are pea shaped; fleshy, shiny turn red when boiled. Occur in winter. Seeds are curved. It is also known as Heart-leaved Moonseed.

Contains alkaloid berberin and glucoside Giloin. Also contains alkaloids tinosporine, tinosporide, tinosporaside, cordifolide, cordifol, heptacosanol, clerodane. Furano diterpene, diterpenoid furanolactone tinosporidine, columbin and b-sitosterol. Bitter principles are chasmanthin and palmarin.

It emeliorate the radiation induced oxidative stress and increases the phagocytic activity of macrophages, thus exhibits antipyretic effect mainly when the cause is infection and allergy.

It reduces blood sugar level and also effective in the condition of high cholesterol level.

It reduces the pain during menstruation cycle and nourishes the body.

It provides antioxidant effect and thus useful in liver diseases.

It is used for diabetes, high cholesterol, allergic rhinitis (hay fever), upset stomach, gout, lymphoma and other cancers, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), hepatitis, peptic ulcer disease (PUD), fever, gonorrhea, syphilis, and to boost the immune system. Uses in Sheltidine Cough Syrup: It is an expectorant and boosts the immune system of lungs. Highly effective in the conditions of chronic cough.

his drug relaxes the intestinal and uterine smooth muscles. It is proved effective in prevention of fibrosis and in stimulating regeneration in hepatic tissue.

It is improves the immune system of body and used against malaria.

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Ingredients : Alva
English Name : Aloe Vera
Latin Name : Aloe Barbadensib

The plant is xerophyte and may be herb, shrub or tree and bears a rosette of leaves which are thick, fleshy, sessile and spiny. Flowers are red or yellow. For cultivation, young offsets are planted in the soil after the rainy season in rows situated at a distance of 60 cm. In the second year leaves are collected by the natives. Because of the spiny nature of leaves the natives protect their hands and feet, cut the leaves near the base, put them into kerosene tins and take them to  a central place for the preparation of aloe. Juice of aloe is present in parenchymatous cells of pericycle surrounding which are mucilage cells. On incision of leaves juice exudes from pericyclic cells and mucilage cells exert pressure on pericycle cells and by single incision juice of the entire leaf is drained out.

Aloe may contain up to 30% aloin which is a mixture of three isomers : barbaloin, beta barbaloin and isobarbaloin. Barbaloin is slightly yellow coloured, bitter, water soluble, crystalline glycoside. Beta barbaloin is amorphous and can be produced from barbaloin on heating. Isobarbaloin is crystalline. Aloe also contains aloinosides A and B. O-glycosides of aloin in which alpha L. rhamnose is combined with OH of hydroxymethy group at 11. C. Atom. Barbaloin on hydrolysis yields aloe emodin anthrone and glucose. Besides aloe emodin anthrone, aloe emodin anthranol and aloe emodin are also present. Aloe contains a resin, which is ester of P. coumaric acid and P. hydroxy cinammic acid esterified with aloeresinotannol. Aloe resin consists of aloe resin A and B. It also contains mucopolysaccharides, vitamin C and E and Zinc.

Aloe is antifungal, antibacterial and emmenagogue; it prevents Uterus and other genital organs in female against fungal and bacterial infections. It also relieves menstrual cramps and irregularity and suppresses menstrual disorders. · It is also considered as an effective remedy for dysmenorrhoea.

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Ingredients : Gajar Beej
English Name : Bees nest
Latin Name : Daucus carota

It is also known as bird s nest, devil s plague, queen annes lace and wild carrot.

It includes dry matter, total soluble solids (TSS), ?-carotene, total and reducing sugars, phenolics, phosphorus, zinc, manganese, copper, iron, sodium potassium and ash.

Medicinal uses include dropsy, retention of urine, gravel, bladder problems, flatulence, nephritic complaints, ulcer, amenorrhea, eczema, itching, liver disorders, cancer, painful urination (strangury), dysmenorrhea, abscesses, carbuncles, scrofula, bad wounds, and colic.

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Ingredients : Balchhad
English Name : Nard, Spikenard
Latin Name : Nardos tachyas

it contain 1 to 2% of pale yellow volatile oil,resin,sugar,starch and bitter principle,an alcohol and its isovaleric ester.it also contain jatamansic acid and ketones jatamansone and nardostachone.

It is used as a sedative,anti-spasmodic,diuretic,emmengogue,and stomachic. It is
stimulant in small doses and also useful in epilepsy, hysteria,and palpitation of heart.

It is used as a sedative, anti-spasmodic, diuretic.

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Ingredients : Hing
English Name : Asafoetida
Latin Name : Ferula assafoetida

Asafoetida occurs in two forms: tears and mass.Tears are usually agglutinated though few are separate. Tears are rounded or flattened 0.5 to 3 cm. in diameter. They are grayish white or dull yellow or some becoming reddish brown on keeping. Fresh tears are tough but when dried are hard and brittle. Tears are internally milky-white or yellowish translucent or opaque. Mass consists of agglutinated tears with foreign mass like stone, earth, pieces of roots. Calcium salts and is of inferior quality. Odour is intense, penetrating,
persistent, alliaceous and taste is bitter, acrid and alliaceous.

Asafoetida contains 4 to 9% volatile oil, 65% resin and 20% gum and about 10% ash. Volatile oil contains pinene and organic disulphides including isobutyl propenyl disulphide responsible for the alliaceous odour. Resin consists of asaresinol ferulate, an ester of asaresinol nad ferulic acid, free ferulic acid and a resene asaresene. Because of the presence of free ferulic acid asafetida shows combined umbelliferone test. Ferulic acid when treated with concentrated hydrochloric acid is converted into umbellic acid, which loses water and forms lactone, 7-OH coumarin or umbelliferone. Umbelliferone shows blue fluorescence with ammonia.

It is carminative, stimulant and anthelmintic, thus it is effective mainly in conditions like gas and acidity.

This herb is considered useful in several problems concerning woman such as sterility, unusually painful, difficult and excessive menstruation. It excites the secretion of progesterone hormone. It is emmenagogue and useful in Amenorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea

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Ingredients : Myrrh
English Name : Hirabol
Latin Name : Commiphora myrrha

The tree is small about 3 meters in height. The phloem contains schizpgenous ducts and lysigenous cavities, which are filled with yellowish granular resinous liquid. Incision is made in the bark, the oleo gum resin which is liquid exudes and hardens to a reddish brown mass which is collected by the natives. Myrrh occurs in irregular agglutinated tears or masses. Its external surface is rough and reddish brown, covered with yellowish dust. Pieces are brittle. Fractured surface is waxy, granular and oily with whitish marks. Thin pieces are translucent or almost transparent. Odour is aromatic and taste aromatic, bitter and acrid.

Myrrh contains volatile oil 7 to 17%, resin 25 to 40%, gum 57 to 61% and impurities 3 to 4%. Volatile oil contains cuminic aldehyde, eugenol, metacresol, pinene, limonene, dipentene, and two sesquiterpene. Volatile oil resinifies on exposure to air. Because of volatile oil, myrrh should be stored in lumps in airtight containers. Resin is complex and a greater part of it is soluble in ether and consists of three free resin acids alpha, beta and gamma commiphoric acids. And esters of another resin acid and two phenolic resins. Ether insoluble portion consists of two resin acids alpha and beta herabomyrrholic acids, Gum resembles gum acacia and contains an enzyme oxydase and on hydrolysis yields arabinose.

  • It is given in combination of Aloe Vera in case of excessive bleeding during menstruation.
  • Myrrh promotes circulation and said to move stagnant blood through the uterus. It has been used in menstrual irregularities, uterine tumors and for menopause. It can also be given in a tonic uterine infections and Amenorrhoea. It also relieves painful periods.

Myrrh promotes circulation and said to move stagnant blood through the uterus. It has been used in oestrus irregularities, uterine tumors and for anoestrus. It can also be given in atonic uterine infections.

Myrrh promotes circulation and said to move stagnant blood through the uterus. It has been used in oestrus irregularities, uterine tumors and for anoestrus. It can also be given in atonic uterine infections.

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Ingredients : Hermala
English Name : Harmel
Latin Name : Peganum harmala

Peganum Harmala is a perennial shrub with fleshy spikey-looking leaves, growing up to 1 meter tall. Its small, brown seeds contain Harmine and other harmala alkaloids. Seeds ripen in September. Flowers are showy, single, white, 1 to 2 cm diameter, having 5 petals and sepals. Fruit are spherical 3-valved capsules, which are 6 to 10 mm in diameter. Each capsule contains more than fifty ark-brown, angular seeds.

Seeds contain Harmine, Harmaline and other harmala alkaloids. These unusual alkaloids are psychoactive derivatives of B-carboline.

This shrub is emmenagogue and uterine stimulant. It is take internally in treatment of sexual and menstrual problems.

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Ingredients : Chitrak
English Name : White Leadwort
Latin Name : Plumbago zeylanica

The fruit of the plant is an oblong (7.5-8 mm long) five-furrowed capsule containing single seed. Each seed is oblong in structure, 5-6 mm long and reddish- brown to dark brown in colour. Roots are straight, smooth, branched or unbranched, with or without secondary roots and about 30 cm or more in length and 6 cm in diameter. They are light- yellow when fresh and become reddish-brown on drying. The roots have a strong and characteristic odour with acrid and bitter taste.

Different plant parts of the plant possess naphthaquinones, alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, triterpenoids, tannins, phenolic compounds, flavanoids, saponins, coumarins, carbohydrates, fixed oil and fats and proteins. Of all the chemical constituents’ plumbagin is the principle active compound. Plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2- methyl-1, 4- naphthoquinone- C11H8O3) is primarily present in roots in higher amounts with only about 1% in the whole plant

Chitrak is used in treating intestinal troubles, dysentery, leucoderma, inflammation, piles, bronchitis, itching, diseases of the liver, and consumption. The leaves of this herb work well for treating laryngitis, rheumatism, diseases of the spleen, ring worm, scabies, and it acts as an aphrodisiac. A tincture of the root bark is used as an anti-periodic. Chitrak root helps improve digestion and it stimulates the appetite. A tincture of the root bark is used as an anti-periodic.

Chitrak root helps improve digestion and it stimulates the appetite. Rootbark is also considered useful in liver diseases and obesity

It is used in menstrual disorders and digestive disturbances

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Ingredients : Kalmishora
English Name : Nitrate Salt
Latin Name : Potassium Nitrate

This colorless chemical compound is found pure in nature as the mineral altpeter, or nitre. Potassium nitrate is a crystalline salt that resembles table salt.

Potassium nitrate KNO3

It dissolves kidney stone and also Medical potassium supplements are known to lower blood pressure.

It reacts with the gas present in digestive tract and expels it out of the body.

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Ingredients : Kuth
English Name : Saw-wort, Snow lotus
Latin Name : Saussurea lappa

The plant is perennial herb with large radical cordate leaves and erect stout flowering stem, 1 to 2 meters in
height bearing at its summit a cluster of several rounded sessile flower heads of a very dark blue, purple or
almost black colour. Drug is usually obtained from cultivated plants and roots are collected in September
and October and cut into pieces of about 3 inches in length and dried. Some of the drug is utilized in India
for the production of volatile oil and remaining is exported. Generally pieces of thick roots and thin roots
that is lateral or lower part of taproots are found. Rootlets are rarely present. Length is 7 to 15 cm. Breadth
is of 1 to 5.5 cm. Thick roots are fusiform or conical and tapering while thin roots are cylindrical. Surface
shows longitudinal wrinkles, which is anastomose. Colour of fresh root is dirty grey to light yellow but on
drying yellowish brown to blackish brown or dull red. Fractures are short and horny. Odour is aromatic and
strong. Taste is bitter.

Saussurea contains volatile oil 1.5 to 2.5%. Volatile oil is preferably ontained by extraction with solvents like petroleum ether. Steam distillation causes emulsion and yield of volatile oil is less. Volatile oil contains saussurine 0.005%, a nitrogenous base, and resin, about 18%, inulin potassium nitrate and sugars. Kushtin, a liquid having the formula C20H26O3 has been isolated. Volatile oil contains sesquiterpene lactones costuslactone, dihydrolactone and a dehdrolactone, costusic acid, sesquiterpene hydrocarbons aplotoxin, alpha and beta costene, phellandrene and camphene and terpene alcohol.

It is an antispasmodic, tonic, carminative and soothing agent. It can be used to reduce the pain in rheumatism.

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Ingredients : Kalonji
English Name : Fennel flower
Latin Name : Nigella sativa

An annual herbaceous plant, black cumin seed is believed to be indigenous to the Mediterranean region but
has been cultivated into other parts of the world including the Arabian Peninsula, northern Africa and parts
of Asia. It is tiny and hairy, being no more than 3mm in length, it has finely divided foliage and pale bluish
purple or white flowers. The flowers grow terminally on its branches while the leaves grow opposite each
other in pairs, on either side of the stem. Its lower leaves are small and petioled. The upper leaves are long.
The stalk of the plant reaches a height of twelve to eighteen inches as its fruit, the black seed, matures. It is
bisexual and forms a fruit capsule, which consists of many white triagonal seeds. Once the fruit capsule has
matured, It opens up and the seeds contained within are exposed to the air, becoming black in colour.

Numerous esters of fatty acids with terperne alcohols. Two type of alkaloids, one is isochinoline alkaloids like nigellimin and nigellimin-N-oxide. Second is pyrazol alkaloids which include nigellidin and nigellicin. The essential oil contains thymoquinone, p-cymene, alpha pinene, dithymoquinone and thymohydroquinone. Other terpene derivatives are carvacrol, carvone, limonene, 4-terpineol and citronellol. Essential oil further contains fatty acid ethyl esters. On storage thymoquinone yields ithymoquinonene and higher oligocondensation products. The seed also contains a fatty oil which is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, mainly linoleic acid, oleic acid, eicodadienoic acid and dihomolinoleic acid.

The herb is antihelmintic, carminative, emmenagogue and stimulant. It is helpful in the treatment of menstrual disorders.

It is extremely useful in Period Pain (leucorrhoea, white discharge, menses discharges 2 to 4 times a month, stomach pain, back pain)

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Ingredients : Malkangni
English Name : White Leadwort
Latin Name : Celastruss paniculatus

it contains protein, carbohydrates (less than 1 calorie per dose), fats (saturated fats: .022 of 1%, polyunsaturated fats: .035 of 1%, monounsaturated fats: .032 of 1%) Vitamin C, Sodium, Potassium, ash, Calcium, Iron, Sesqiterpene polyol esters.

It provides relief from joint pains and arthritis. Celastrus paniculata is a treasured medicinal herb that is revered for its effects on the brain and has been used for centuries in Ayurveda for sharpening the memory, increasing intellect, and improving concentration.

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Ingredients : Godavaj
English Name : The Sweet Flag
Latin Name : Acorus calamus

drug contain 1.5 to 3.5% of volatile oil,starch,resin(2.5%)and tannin(1.5%).volatile oil contains asaraldehyde.the other contents of the oil are asarone and eugenol.

It is used as carminative,bitter stimulant and vermifuge. Uses in Sarakva Oil and Meryn Tablet: It is useful in pain and arthritis.

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Ingredients : Akarkara
English Name : Pyrethrum, Pellitory
Latin Name : Anacyclus pyrethrum

roots contain anacyclin, pellitorine, enetriyne alcohol, hydrocarolin, inulin, traces of volatile oil and seasamin. They also contain deca-, dodeca and tetradeca-trans-2, trans-4-dienamide, a new series of tyramine amides corresponding to the isobutylamides. The presence of polyacetyenic compounds is also reported in the plant

It is useful in pains ,inflammation ,worm infestation ,weankenss in nerves and vessels ,impotence,erectile dysfunction ,premature ejaculation ,paralysis ,epilepsy arthritis especially rheumatoid arthritis ,mouth and teeth related problems, throat related problems.

It is useful in kidney stone.

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Ingredients : Pippermint
English Name : Egyptian Mint
Latin Name : Mentha pipperitae

peppermint are menthol, menthone, and menthyl acetate. Other components include terpenoids, flavenoids, polymerized polyphenols, carotenes, tocopherols, betaine, and choline. Menthyl acetate is responsible for peppermint’s minty aroma.

It is useful in digestive spasms, relieves gas, boosts the flow of bile, fights bacteria, and acts as a decongestant. It acts as a sedative on the stomach and strengthens the bowels. Peppermint is used to increase the flow of digestive juices and bile while relaxing the muscles of the digestive tract. The menthol in peppermint increases the beneficial flow of all digestive juices, including bile. Menthol also acts to stimulate the stomach lining. Its cooling properties soothe the stomach and ease stomach pain. Peppermint calms the muscles of the stomach and improves the flow of bile, which the body uses to digest fats.

Peppermint is an expectorant and decongestant. Peppermint tea may offer some relief for mild asthma The menthol in peppermint has antibacterial, antiviral, and analgesic effects.

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Ingredients : Ark Fudina
English Name : Fudina
Latin Name : Mentha spicata

it contain menthol as well as in the from of ester,it also contain 80% menthol,menthone,menthofuran,jasmine,menthyl isovalerate,menthyl acetate and several other terpene derivation.the other terpenes include limonene,isopulegone,cineole,pinene,camphene,etc.

It is used as carminative ,stimulant,and flavouring agent.it has mild antiseptic properties too.it is used in tooth paste,toth powders,shaving cream,and perfumes

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Ingredients : Methi
English Name : Fenugreek
Latin Name : BTrigonella foenum

It is also known as Alhova, Bird’S Foot, Greek Clover,Chandrika and Methika

bitter fixed oil, which can be extracted by ether; 22 per cent proteids; a volatile oil; two alkaloids, Trigonelline and Choline, and a yellow colouring substance. The chemical composition resembles that of cod-liver oil, as it is rich in phosphates, lecithin and nucleoalbumin, containing also considerable quantities of iron in an organic form, which can be readily absorbed. Reutter has noted the presence of trimethylamine, neurin and betain.

It maintaining a good metabolism and prevents constipation. It purifies blood and helps in flushing out the harmful toxins. It helps in dissolving excess mucus, thereby making the digestive organ refreshed and clean. Also fenugreek seeds are useful in improving memory power too. neurasthenia, gout and diabetes it can be combined with insulin. loss of appetite, abdominal distension, gas and flatulence. It also gives respite in colds and fevers.

It maintaining a good metabolism and prevents constipation. It purifies blood and helps in flushing out the harmful toxins. It helps in dissolving excess mucus, thereby making the digestive organ refreshed and clean.

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Ingredients : Daruhaldi
English Name : Berberry
Latin Name : Berberis asiatica

it contain tannin, resin, gum, starch and other alkaloid. The roots and stems bark contains a number of alkaloids, of whichthe chief active alkaloid is berberine. Besides, berberine, it also contains Oxyberberine, berbamine, aromoline, karachine, palmatine, Oxyacanthine and taxilamine.

The roots of daruhaldi, berberis aristata have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial behavior. Berberis aristata powder is widely demanded as this is very effective as an antiseptic, laxative, stomatic, antipyretic etc. The roots of berberis aristata are also used for the treatment of amenorrhoea. The fruit is sweet and sour in taste and has a cold potency. Daruhaldi has diaphoretic, rejuvenating, antipyretic properties and is a bitter tonic.

Daruhaldi is bitter and astringent in taste , pungent in the post digestive effect and hot in potency. It alleviates kapha and pitta dosas. It possesses light and dry attributes.

It can possess anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-diabetic activities.

It has diaphoretic, rejuvenating, anti inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It is effective as an analgesic and alleviates kapha and pitta dosas.

It is a bitter tonic and cures malaria.

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Ingredients : Kadu
English Name : Kutki
Latin Name : Picrorhiza kurroa

Leaves: 5-15 cm long leaves, almost all at the base, often withered.[1] Leaves are coarsely toothed, narrowed to a winged stalk. Rhizomes of the plant are 15-25 cm long and woody. Flowers: small, pale or purplish blue, borne in cylindric spikes, spikes borne on almost leafless erect stems. Flowers about 8 mm, 5-lobed to the middle, and with much longer stamens. Fruits: 1.3 cm long.

It is a bitter tonic and eradicates the malarial parasites.

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Ingredients : Lemon Juice
English Name : Lemon Juice
Latin Name : Citrus limona

Borax, lemon and sulphur are mixed together in the juice.

The lemon is cooling and soothing and has a tonic value. It is also given in cases of nausea, anorexia, indigestion and distension. There are several other preparations for treating gas, distension and constipation which are also prepared in the juice of lemon.

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Ingredients : Sarpagandha
English Name : Indian snakeroot
Latin Name : Rauvolfia serpentina

Chemical constituents : yohimbine, reserpine, ajmaline, deserpidine, rescinnamine, serpentinine.

Uses :
Uses in Bipinyl : Indian snakeroot is used for mild high blood pressure, nervousness, trouble sleeping (insomnia), and mental disorders such as agitated psychosis and insanity.

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Ingredients : Piper
English Name :
long pepper
Latin Name : Piper longum

Fruit very small, ovoid, completely sunken embedded in solid fleshy spike, 2.5 – 4.0 cm long. Colour of fruit is light green to olive green when immature, after ripening colour changed to shining blackish green with aromatic odour and pungent taste producing numbness on tongue.

It contains aromatic oil that is about 0.7 %, piperine 4 to 5 % and an alkaloid and pipalartine. Besides this it contains sesamin and piplasterol. The root contains pipperin 0.15 to 0.18 %, pippalartin (0.13 to 0.20 %), pipperleguminin, sterols and glycosides.

Piper Longum or Long Papper is good for Aromatic, stimulant, carminative and constipation.

It protects liver and stimulates digestion.

When applied topically, it soothes and relieves muscular pains and inflammation. In Ayurvedic medicine, it is said to be a good rejuvenator. Piper Longum helps stimulate the appetite and it dispels gas from the intestines.

Piper Longum is most commonly used to treat respiratory infections such as stomachache, bronchitis, diseases of the spleen, cough, tumors, and asthma. Its other uses includes in gonorrhea, paralysis of the tongue ,advised in diarrhea , cholera, scarlatina ,Chronic Malaria, Viral hepatitis. An infusion of Piper Longum root is used after birth to induce the expulsion of the placenta. It is used as sedative in insomnia and epilepsy. Also as cholagogue in obstruction of bile duct and gall bladder.

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Ingredients : Uplet
English Name : Costus, Kuth
Latin Name : Suassurca Lappa

Colour of fresh root is dirty grey to light yellow but on drying yellowish brown to blackish brown or dull red. Fractures are short and horny. Odour is aromatic and strong. Taste is bitter.

it contain about 6% resinoids,1.5% of essential oil,18% of insulin,0.5% of an alkaloid,fixed oil,traces of tannins and sugar.

It is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, cough with cold, stomachache, dysmenorrhea, and altitude sickness, and has been found to have antiinflammatory, cardiotonic, abortifacient, anticancer, and antifatigue actions. Ethanol extracts were shown to have analgesic and antiinflammatory effects at doses, it is tonic, stomachic, stimulant, carminative, used for asthama, diuretic, antiseptic, cough, cholera, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic and also used to insecticide, pesticide. The roots are highly aromatic used in perfumeries. Roots are used for skin diseases.

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Ingredients : Sunth
English Name :
Ginger
Latin Name : Zingiber officinale

inger occurs in horizontal, laterally flattened, sympodially branching pieces. Whole rhizomes are 5 to 15 cm long, 1.5 to 6 cm wide, and up to 2 cm thick, sometimes split longitudinally; pale yellowish buff or light brown externally, longitudinally striated, somewhat fibrous; branches flattish, obovate, short, about 2 cm long, each ending with a depressed stem scar; fracture, short with projecting fibers, or sometimes resinous; internally yellowish brown, showing a yellow endodermis separating the narrow cortex from the wide stele, and numerous yellowish points, secretion cells and numerous bigger greyish points, vascular bundles, scattered on the whole surface.

ethanol, methanol, acetone, 80%methanol and 80% ethanolic extracts. Protein and fat of sample were 5.08 and 3.72 g/100 g respectively.Ash, minerals namely iron, calcium, phosphorous, zinc, copper, chromium and manganese) and vitamin, The primary known constituents of Ginger Root include gingerols, zingibain, bisabolene, oleoresins, starch, essential oil (zingiberene, zingiberole, camphene, Cineole, borneol), mucilage, and protein.

It is used as a stimulant and carminative and used frequently for dyspepsia, gastroparesis, slow motility symptoms, constipation, and colic.

Ginger has other uses including relieving arthritis pain, ulcerative colitis, headaches, fevers from flu and colds, and sore throats. Gastrointestinal problems including heartburn and gas can also be treated with ginger. The muscles of the gastrointestinal tract can be strengthened by the use of garlic.

It is extremely effective for general debility and it balances vata and pitta.

It is a stimulant and carminative, soothes bronchial irritation.

Ginger is also used to treat arthritis, both rheumatoid and osteoarthritis.

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Ingredients : Gudmar
English Name : Cymnema, cowplant
Latin Name : Cymnema, cowplant

Sun dried leaves contain two resins / one that is insoluble in alcohol forming larger portion. Gudmar herb contains no tannins. Gudmar herb also contains new bitter neutral principle / albuminous & coloring matters / calcium oxalate / pararabin / glucose / carbohydrates / some tartaric acid & an organic acid alike glucoside that has anti-saccharine properties. herb also contains gymnemic acids / saponins / stigmasterol / quercitol / & amino acid derivatives betaine / choline & trimethylamine.

It contains the substances that decreases the absorption of sugar from intestine. It is used in the form of powder, paste and decoction to treat inflammation of glands, enlargement of spleen, indigestion, constipation, jaundice, piles, sinusitis, cough, respiratory diseases, feeling of heaviness in head, urinary stone, malarial fevers.Powder of the leaves is used in diabetes. When the herb is used for longer periods, it lowers the blood sugar. The herb’s extracts are used for curing various conditions such as obesity, anemia, high cholesterol levels, hyperglycemia, digestion, constipation, helminthiasis, amenorrhoea and hepatosplenomegaly.

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Ingredients : Mamejav
English Name : Mamejav
Latin Name : Enicostemma littorale

secoiridoid compounds , C-glucosides , erythrocentaurin swertiamarin.

It reduced blood glucose as well as serum insulin levels and prevented the progression of complications in diabetic patients. Significant improvement in kidney function, lipid profile and blood pressure was observed suggesting that E. littorale is an effective herbal anti-diabetic.E. littorale is traditionally used in India as a stomachic, bitter tonic, laxative, carminative, to reduce fever and as a “tonic” for appetite loss .

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Ingredients : Nagarmoth
English Name : Coco grass
Latin Name : Cyperus scarious

It is also known as common nutsedge, nutgrass and purple nutsedge.

It rhizome of it contains an aromatic oil that is 0.5 to 0.6 %. There is also present a stable oil. Besides this it contains certain alkaloids, minerals and vitamins. The ash contains calcium, phosphorus, sodium and some carbonates, ?-cyperone, ?-selinene, cyperene, cyperotundone, patchoulenone, sugeonol, kobusone, and isokobusone

It regularizes digestive system and by this way controls blood sugar level

It cures any infection of scalp. It relieves from in and works and anti inflammatory agent. It improves digestion. It curbs infection in the body. It helps in uterine contraction. It provides strength to the body. acting mainly on the digestive system and uterus.They are used internally in the treatment of digestive problems, is used in Ayurveda as a tonic, stomachic, Astringent, diuretic, emmenogogue, diaphoretic, cyperus rotundas is used by Ayurveda to treat many types of disturbances caused by vitiation of Pitta. It is used in fever, solar dermatitis etc. It exhibits marked anti-inflammatory activity

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Ingredients : Karela
English Name : Bitter gourd
Latin Name : Momordica charantia

The plant contains several biologically active compounds, chiefly momordicin I and II, and cucurbitacin B.[4] The plants contains also several bioactive glycosides (including momordin, charantin, charantosides, goyaglycosides, momordicosides) and other terpenoid compounds (including momordicin-28,
momordicinin, momordicilin, momordenol, and momordol). It also contains cytotoxic (ribosome-inactivating) proteins such as momorcharin and momordin.

Bitter melon has been found to increase insulin sensitivity, Helps achieve positive sugar regulating effect by suppressing the neural response to sweet taste stimuli ,Helpful in Diabetes Mellitus,Lectins from bitter gourd have shown significant antilipolytic and lipogenic activities It is useful as an emtic, purgative, as an anthelmentic, in piles, leprosy, and jaundice . it is use in antidotal, antipyretic tonic, appetizing, stomachic, antibilious and laxative properties.

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Ingredients : Jambu Seeds
English Name : Syzygium fruit
Latin Name : Eugenia jambolana

Acetone extract of the bark and seeds contain partially methylated derivatives of ellagic acid i.e. 3,3?-di-Omethyl ellagic acid and 3,3?, 4-tri-O-methyl ellagic acid. Alcoholic extraction of tannins results into their extensive degradation into simple phenolic compounds.

It decreases the level of blood glucose, blood urea and cholesterol, increases glucose tolerance and levels of total protein and liver glycogen, decreases the activity of glutamine oxaloacetate transaminase and glutamate pyruvate transaminase in experimental diabetic.

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Ingredients : Vitamin A
English Name : Biosterol
Latin Name : Retinol

Uses :
Vitamin A is used for treating vitamin A deficiency. It is also used to reduce complications of diseases such as malaria, HIV, measles, and diarrhea in children with vitamin A deficiency. Women use vitamin A for heavy menstrual periods, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), vaginal infections, yeast infections, “lumpy breasts” (fibrocystic breast disease), and to prevent breast cancer. Some women with HIV use vitamin A to decrease the risk of transmitting HIV to the baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breast-feeding. Men use vitamin A to raise their sperm count. Some people use vitamin A for improving vision and treating eye disorders including age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, and cataracts. Vitamin A is also used for skin conditions including acne, eczema, psoriasis, cold sores, wounds, burns, sunburn, keratosis follicularis (Darier’s disease), ichthyosis (noninflammatory skin scaling), lichen planus pigmentosus, and pityriasis rubra pilaris. It is also used for gastrointestinal ulcers, Crohn’s disease, gum disease, diabetes, Hurler syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis), sinus infections, hayfever, and urinary tract infections (UTIs). Vitamin A is also used for shigellosis, diseases of the nervous system, nose infections, loss of sense of smell, asthma, persistent headaches, kidney stones, overactive thyroid, iron-poor blood (anemia), deafness, ringing in the ears, and precancerous mouth sores (leukoplakia).

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Ingredients : Vitamin B12
English Name : Vit. B12
Latin Name : Cyanocobalamin

Uses :
Vitamin B12, like the other B vitamins, is important for metabolism. It helps in the formation of red blood cells and in the maintenance of the central nervous system.

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Ingredients : Vitamin E
English Name : Vit. E
Latin Name : Alpha Tocopherol

Uses :
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that protects body tissue from damage caused by substances called free radicals. Free radicals can harm cells, tissues, and organs. They are believed to play a role in certain conditions related to aging. The body also needs vitamin E to help keep the immune system strong against viruses and bacteria. Vitamin E is also important in the formation of red blood cells and it helps the body use vitamin K. It also helps widen blood vessels and keep blood from clotting inside them. Cells use vitamin E to interact with each other and carry out many important functions.

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Ingredients : Triphala
English Name : Triphala
Latin Name : Ter.chebula+Ter.belerica+Emb.officinalis

Combination of Terminalia chebula, Embelica officinalis and Terminalia belerica Color: Yellowish brown Odour: Pungent Taste: Citrus and sour

Amla: Fruit is a rich source of vitamin C(600-750mg/100g of fresh pulp) 0.5% fat Phyllemblin 5% tannin Minerals like phosphorus, iron and calcium. Pectin 75% moisture The vitamin content of amla is maintained by the presence of tannins that retard oxidation. Haritaki: Tannins, chebulinic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid, chebulin, arjungenin, arjun glucoside, arjunolic acid, chebulagic acid, chebupentol, corilagin, daucosterol, ellagic acid, punicalagin, quercetin, terchebin, terchebulin, behenic acid. Baheda: Chebulagic acid, Ellagic acid, Ethyl ester, Gallic acid, Mannitol, Rhamnose, Bellericanin, Oxalic acid, Palmitic, Oleic acid, Linoleic acid,B-setosterol,glucose,galactose ,fructose.

It cleanses colon, keeps liver healthy, and flush outs body toxins. It is also a natural resistance to free radical damage. Hence used as blood purifier Adalpine: It scavenges diammonium salt and radicals in a dose dependent manner. Thus it exhibits gastroprotective as well as antipyretic effect.

It helps stimulating the pancrease. Pancrease contains the islet of langerhans that secrets insulin. Insulin is responsible for maintaining the proper glucose level in the body.

It is very effective in treating acidity, hyperacidity or acid reflux. It helps in regularizing the digestive tract and also helps in maintaining the normal peristaltic movements thus it corrects the indigestion.

It is used in nurturing of the ovaries, strengthening of the uterus, and overall support for reproductive health.

Triphala stimulates the body immune system and having inhibitory effect on malaria parasites and thus acts as an anti malaria agent.

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Ingredients : Vitamin D3
English Name : Vit. D3
Latin Name : Cholecalciferol

Uses :
Vitamin D (ergocalciferol-D2, cholecalciferol-D3, alfacalcidol) is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps your body absorb calcium and phosphorus. Having the right amount of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus is important for building and keeping strong bones. Vitamin D is used to treat and prevent bone disorders (such as rickets, osteomalacia). Vitamin D is made by the body when skin is xposed to sunlight. Sunscreen, protective clothing, limited exposure to unlight, dark skin, and age may prevent getting enough vitamin D from the sun.Vitamin D with calcium is used to treat or prevent bone loss osteoporosis). Vitamin D is also used with other medications to treat low levels of calcium or phosphate caused by certain disorders (such as hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism, familial hypophosphatemia). It may be used in kidney disease to keep calcium levels normal and allow normal bone growth. Vitamin D drops (or other supplements) are given to breast-fed infants because breast milk usually has low levels of vitamin D.

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Ingredients : Copper Sulphate
English Name : Blue Vitrol, CuSo4
Latin Name : Copper Sulphate
Chemical constituents : Copper Sulphate

Uses :
Copper sulfate is a fungicide. Copper sulfate inhibits growth of bacteria such as Escherichia coli.

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Ingredients : Cobalt Sulphate
English Name : Cobalt Sulphate
Latin Name : Co
Chemical constituents : Cobalt Sulphate

Uses :
It is used in the prevention and treatment of cobalt deficiency diseases in all food producing species.

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Ingredients : Calcium
English Name : Calcium
Latin Name : Ca

It is used to prevent or treat low blood calcium levels. It may be used to treat conditions caused by low calcium levels such as bone loss (osteoporosis), weak bones (osteomalacia/rickets), decreased activity of the parathyroid gland (hypoparathyroidism), and a certain muscle disease (latent tetany).

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Ingredients : Shilajit
English Name : Mineral pitch
Latin Name : Asphaltum

it contain albuminoids,fatty acids,trace element,waxes in addition to minearals. Chemical analysis shows that it contains besides gums, albuminoids, traces of resin and fatty acid, a large quantity of benzoic and hippuric acids and their salts. From the medicinal point of view, the chief active substances in it are benzoic acid and benzoates.

It helps in improving functioning of pancrease and reduces digestion problems.

It is used in obstinate urinary disorders including diabetes, Diabetes. Kidney stones . Cystitis . Dysuria. Chronic urinary tract problems

Urinary tract infections. Urinary Tonic. Kidney Tonic . relieve digestive problems.

It acts as an astringent and dissolve the kidney stone in body fluid.

Shilajit suppresses pain, as it acts directly on vata dosha. Vata imbalance is the cause of initiation of pain. It is an excellent herbal supplement in arthritis treatment like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout and joint pain. It has a very good pain relieving effect in all types of muscular pain.

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Ingredients : Phosphorus
English Name : Phosphorus
Latin Name : Hesperus

Uses :
It is used in the disease associated with phosphorus deficiency.

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Ingredients : Fe (Iron) Sulfate
English Name : Ferrous Sulfate
Latin Name : FeSO4
Chemical constituents : FeSO4

Uses :
Ferrous Sulfate is an essential body mineral. Ferrous sulfate is used to treat iron deficiency anemia (a lack of
red blood cells caused by having too little iron in the body).

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Ingredients : Lactobacillus Sporogenes
English Name : Lactobacillus
Latin Name : Lactobacilli Sporogenes

Uses :
Lactobacillus is used for treating and preventing diarrhea, including infectious types such as rotaviral diarrhea
in children and traveler’s diarrhea. It is also used to prevent and treat diarrhea associated with using ntibiotics.

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Ingredients : Yeast
English Name : Brewer’s yeast
Latin Name : Sac. cerevisiae

Macroscopy :
Full Botanical Name: Saccharomyces cerevisiae S. cerevisiae cells are round to ovoid, 5-10 micrometres in
diameter. It reproduces by a division process known as budding.

Uses :
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is frequently used as a source of vitamins and inerals. It is rich in B vitamins, chromium and selenium. B vitamins help maintain the health of your hair, skin, mouth, liver and eyes. They also aid in breaking down fats, proteins and carbohydrates, which your body uses for energy. In addition, B vitamins support your nervous system and help support the muscles that you use for digestion. Some research suggests that supplementing with chromium may help control blood sugar levels in people who have diabetes and reduce the amount of insulin that they need to take. Other research suggests that saccharomyces
cerevisiae may also help to reduce levels of bad cholesterol in your blood, while raising levels of good cholesterol. Saccharomyces cerevisiae may also help to treat acne, relieve diarrhea and reduce the risk of getting a second skin cancer.

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Ingredients : Mulethi
English Name : Liquorice root
Latin Name : Glycerrihiza glabra

it contain about 25 total alkaloid they are c12 group steroid alkaloids.the active alkaloids are conessine,conessimine,holarrhimine and holarrhidine.

It is used in the conditions of vomiting, thirst, raktapitta, cough, respiratory disorders.

It is used to treat graying of hairs, vomiting, thirst, raktapitta, cough, respiratory disorders, hoarseness of voice, prameha, itching, skin disease, fever and eye disease,it used as an expectorant and demulcent.it is used in cough mixture.it used is an antigastric effect it is used in peptic ulcer.

It is used as an expectorant, antispasmodic and demulcent. It is added in cough mixtures and as a flavouring agent in formulations.

It inhibits the growth of malarial parasites and causes complete eradication of it from the body and hence imparts anti malaria effect.

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Ingredients : Haldar
English Name : Turmeric
Latin Name : Curcuma Longa

Cúrcuma is a small perennial herb native to India bearing many rhizomes on its root system which are the source of its culinary spice known as Turmeric (Cúrcuma – rizoma secco in polvere) and its medicinal extract called Curcumin (Cúrcuma extracto refinado). a yellow/brown powder made from the dried rhizome of Curcuma Longa. It has a slight earthy flavor and little aroma. It is known for its color and for its healthgiving properties.

Curcuminoids

Turmeric is one herb which brings back uterus back in proper shape and functioning. antioxidant; Arthritis: inhibits inflammation, possibly inhibiting something in the pathway of Cox-2 but not Cox-2 itself; not only does it not cause ulcers but is currently being used experimentally as a treatment for ulcers in western countries. Alzheimer’s Disease: inhibits formation of, and breaks down, Amyloid-beta oligomers (entwined fibres) and aggregates (lumps) in rodents; blood thinning: reduces clotting and clinging together of platelets; Cancer: causes apoptosis (death) of various cancer cell types including skin, colon, forestomach, duodenum and ovary in the laboratory; we await clinical trials; inhibits viral and fungal disease; inhibits bacteria including Helicobacter Pylori; Diabetes: reduces diabetes in rodents; we await clinical trials.

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Ingredients : Satodi Mool
English Name : Horse purslene
Latin Name : Boerhaavia diffusa

Formerly an alkaloid punarnavine was reported which is probably allantoin isolated later. Drug contains large amount of potassium nitrate and other potassium salts. It also contains heterocontane, ursolic acid and beta sitosterol which may be partly free and partly as palmitate.

Curcuminoids

Punarnava is used as diuretic. Aqueous decoction is found useful in nephritic syndrome. Its diuretic activity acts quickly for kidney infections and urinary tract infection. It quickly increases urine flow and the alkaloidal effects work to help detoxify the system of infection and speed up the excretory processes.

Punarnava is mainly used for liver disorders like jaundice, hepatitis, cirrhosis, anemaia, flukes etc. It performs detoxification and helps even in chemical injury.It is a hepatotonic so tones, balances and strengthens the liver.

It is a traditional Ayurvedic formulation which is prescribed in conditions like anemia, jaundice, generalized edema, swelling and fluid accumulation, fluid retention in feet. It is also a best herbal remedy for ascites, disorders associated with liver and spleen, skin diseases, kidney diseases, fluid retention due to kidney failure or liver failure.

It acts as an uterine tonic and makes it strong and gives the nourishment to it.

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Ingredients : Brahmi
English Name :
Water hyssop
Latin Name :
Centella asiatica

it is contain the alkaloids brahmine,herpestine,and mixture of 3 other alkaloids,it contains saponins,namely bacosides a and b ,betulic acid,stigmasterol and hersaponin.

It is used as nervine tonic,in the treatment of asthma,epilepsy and insanity.

it is a tonic for nerve cells and nourish the brain. It is having cooling effect and by this way it is helpful in hairgrowth to provide nourishment to hair roots.

Brahmi is frequently used to treat irritable bowel syndrome and similar disorders related to the intestinal tract. Upset stomachs and consistent diarrhea are also often treated with Brahmi., Brahmi has been used to treat asthma and a number of other respiratory problems including bronchitis. Brahmi can also be used to treat coughing and other symptoms related to the common cold.

It is useful in conditions like joint aches and pains and epilepsy

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Ingredients : Tagar
English Name : Indian Valerian
Latin Name : Valeriana wallichii

Rhizomes are Dull yellowish brown. 4 to 8 cm long, 5 to 10 mm. Thick, subcylindrical, dorsiventrally flattened, unbranched, rough and slightly curved. Upper surface is marked with raised encircling leaf scars, under surface bearing numerous small prominent root scars and a few rootlets. Crown bears remains of aerial stem bases with scale leaves. Stolons connect the rhizomes and are 1.5 cm to 5 cm. long, 2 to 4 mm thick, yellowish grey and longitudinally wrinkled. Stolons have nodes, internodes and adventitious roots. Occasionally few, thin stolons 1 to 2 mm. Thick are found. Roots are yellowish-brown, 3 to 5 cm. long and 1 mm. thick.

It contains about 10% volatile oil. It contains esters, borneol formate, borneol, acetate and especially borneol isovalerianate, terpenes limonene, camphene and sesquiterpenes. 0.5% of three valepotriats or valtrats. Valtrats belong to monoterpene or irridoid series. They are esters of isovaleric, acetic, isocaproic and beta acetoxy isovaleric acids of polyhydroxy cyclopentane pyrans and contain epoxy oxide. Esterification takes place at three OH groups, hence the name valepotriats. Valerian mainly contains three valtratsvaltrat, acetoxy valtrat and didrovaltrat. Baldrinal an aldehyde is produced from decompositin of valtrats.

Tagar is carminative, sedative, and stimulant and nervine tonic. It is used in nervous debility, stress and anxiety.

Being a carmintive and stimulant, it helps in regulating the milk flow in cows and other animals

Valerian gives protection against anxiety disorders and insomnia. It improves the concentration power in children and works as a tonic and sedative

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Ingredients : Chirayta
English Name : Indian gentian
Latin Name : Swertia chirata

it contain ophelic acid and two bitter glycosides chiratin and amarogentin.chiratin is not pure substance. Amatogentin is a phenol carbonic acid ester of sweroside ,a substance related to gentiopicrin.

It posseses hypoglycemic activity with stimulation of metabolic reaction. it is used as a bitter tonic. It is free of constipative effect.

It is an antimalarial herb.

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Ingredients : Shankhavali
English Name : Bindweed
Latin Name : Convolvulus arvensis

Plant is procumbent or suberect shrub. Stems suffruticose at the base, 6-20 inches long. Leaves ½ to 1-inch long, linear, oblong or the upper elliptical, obtuse, mucronate, subsessile, vilous on both sides, base tapering. Flowers axillary or on short lateral branches, solitary or 2-3 together, sessile or shortly pedunculate, bracts beneath the calyx, ½ inch long, linear, lanceolate, hairy, sepals ¼ inch long, ovate, lanceolate acute, hairy on both sides, corolla rose coloured or white 1/3-1/2 inch long funnel shaped with hairy bands outside, 5-lobed, the lobes deltoid, acute with a tuft of hair at the apex of each. Stamens unequal, ovary glabrous sealed on cup-shaped disc, stigma ½ inch long filiform. Capsules ellipsoid or sub-globose, smooth, seeds 1/ 10 inch long, glabrous scarcely papillose.

The drug contains an alkaloid shankhpushpine C17H25NO2; melting point 162 C to 164 C. Fresh plant contains volatile oil. According to reent work C. micropyllus contains n-tricontane, higher aliphatic primary alcohols and phytosterols. Later from the alcohol extract of defatted plant, kampherol and its 3. D. glucoside 3, 4, dihydroxy cinnamic acid beta sitosterol, D. Glucoside, and glucose, rhamnose, sucrose and starch were isolated. The drug also contains potassium chloride.

It is a sedative, carminative and tranquilizer. So reduces pain sensation and provides relief to the animal.

It a brain tonic, which helps in improvement of memory. It also removes anxiety neurosis, stress etc. It also removes nervous debility and improves brain functions

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Ingredients : Amalved
English Name : Fox-grape
Latin Name : Cascuta reflaxa

Uses :
Gasoshel Tablet : It maintains the balance in vata and pitta. Thus it is useful to treat the conditions of indigestion.Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, tumors, fever, neuralgia and splenomagali. It purifies the blood and is given for liver diseases, cardiac disorders, ulcers, wounds, dropsy and hemorrhoids.

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Ingredients : Kurchi Bark
English Name : Indrajav, Conessi
Latin Name : Holarrhena antidysenterica

it contain about 25 total alkaloid they are c12 group steroid alkaloids.the active alkaloids are conessine,conessimine,holarrhimine and holarrhidine.

Kurchi is antiprotozoal in activity and used to treat amoebic dysentery. Conessine is highly ,active against Entamoeba histolytica. A traditional preparation of kurchi bark, viz. “kutajarishta” is commonly used, specially or chronic amoebiasis.

It is used for the treatment of malaria.

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Ingredients : Jirah
English Name :
Cummin
Latin Name : Cuminum cyminum

Chemical constituents : it contain 2.5 to 4 % volatile oil,10% of fixed oil and proteins,volatile oil mainly contain of30to50%ofcuminic alcohol,hydrated cuminaldehyde and hydro-cuminine.

Uses :
Gasoshel Tablet : It is used as timulant,carminative,and also in diarrhea and dyspepsia.

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Ingredients : Rasna
English Name : Rashana
Latin Name : Pluchea lanceolata

Rasna is an undershrub, growing up to 1.5 m tall, with whitish or greyish branches. Leaves are sessile, 1-7 cm long, 0.3-2 cm wide, oblong-invert-ed-lanceshaped, with a tiny point at the tip, leathery, minutely velvety on both surfaces. Margin is entire or obscurely toothed at the tip. Flower-heads are purplish, ovoid or bell-shaped, 3-5 mm in diameter, arranged in compound corymbs at the end of branches. Phyllaries are 2-3 seriate, outer ones purple tinged at the apex, broadly, obovate, obtuse, entire, pubescent, 2.5-3.5 mm long, silky pubescent, inner linear entire, 4-6 mm long. Florets are pink, outer female florets many, threadlike, disc florets tubular, few, 4-18, bisexual but functionally male. The one-seeded fruit is small, white, linear, hairless. Pappus hairs 20-26, distinctly fused at base.

Quercetin, Quercitrin, Isorhamnetin, Pleuchioside, Pleuchiol, Moretenol, Moretenol acetate, Triterpene, Sterol glycosides, Taraxasterol

Rasna is a medicinal herb in Ayurveda and Tibetan medicine. The plant is used for the inflammations and bronchitis, psoriasis, cough and piles. It is also used as antipyretic, analgesic, laxative and nervine tonic. The decoction of plant is used to prevent the swellings of joint in arthritis, rheumatism and neurological diseases. The roots are antipyretic, bitter, laxative and thermogenic and are used for allaying the pain caused by the sting of scorpions.

It augments the uterine contractions and act as digestant and blood purifier.

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Ingredients : Amla
English Name : Indian Gooseberry
Latin Name : Phyllanthus emblica

Fruits is 1.3 – 1.6 cm in diameter, fleshy, globose, with 6 pale vertical furrows. Fruits are smooth, shiny with few prominent but minute light colored specks. A depression left by the removal of peduncle is seen at one end of the fruit. Color is green when unripe but light yellow when mature. Taste is sour and slightly bitter and sweet with astringent feeling. On drying the fruits become dark brownish to black and longitudinally splited. Fruit is a drupe and endocarp is stony.

Fruit is rich source of vitamin C. 10 gm of fresh fruits contain 600-900 mg of vitamin C. Small fruits contain more Vitamin C than large fruits. Fruits contain pectin in good quantity, Glucose and Tannins Gallic Acid, Phyllemblin and other tannins. Phyllemblin has Adrenergic Potentiating action as reported earlier. According to recent work fruits lose vitamin C more when dried in the sun than in shade.

Amla is extremely helpful in providing nourishment to the nerve and is helpful for grasping things easily. It makes the sense organs work well and make the reflexes harp. It improves general intelligence level of Amla suppresses mental tensions. Hairol: Strengthens hair, promotes hair growth and prevents premature graying. Prevents itching and scalp infection. Stimulates scalp and hair follicle to produce new and healthier hair. Useful against baldness and dandruff. Imparts soothing and emollient effect. Relives tension and headache.

its application in decreased appetite, indigestion, acidity, constipation,gastric troubles and flatulence. Amla being rich in fibre regulates the bowel action and keeps constipation at bay. And thus give relief and protection from all these symptoms. · It prevents indigestion, controls acidity. It has also got properties of being gastrointestinal tonic, stomachic and carminative.

It is antibacterial and astringent by nature so prevents abdominal infection and heals ulcers. It is anti-inflammatory herb so useful in hemorrhoids, gastritis and colitis.

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Ingredients : Banafsha
English Name : Apple Leaf
Latin Name : Viola betonicifolia

It is also known as Bairnwort and Blue Violet.

Violine ,Cyanin ,Odoratin,essential oil, alkaloid and colourmatter, volatile oil, rutin and cynin.

It suppresses vatta and pitta and acts as cough expectoranr, When used externally it acts as analgesic, anti-inflamatory and kills germs. Flowers cause nausea when taken orally, Cough expectorant, Anti-hypertensive, Blood purifier, Sudative, Anti-pyretic.

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Ingredients : Dhania
English Name : Coriander
Latin Name : Coriandrum sativum

It is also known as Bairnwort and Blue Violet.

0.3 to 1% of volatile oil. The fixed oil (13%) and proteins(20%) are the other contents of drug.volatile oil of the drug contains 90% of d-linalool (coriandrol) and coriandryl acetate,and small quantities of Lborneol, geraniol and pinene.

It is used as an aromatic,carminative,stimulant and flavouring agent,coriander oil is used along with purgatives. It is widely used in treating indigestion, flatulence, diarrhoea and colic and other stomach disorders.

It is useful as carminative and coolant.

It is aromatic, carminative, stimulant and stomachic used in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as stomachache, indigestion and dyspepsia.

Coriander has pain-relieving properties and is useful for headaches, muscle pain, stiffness and arthritis.

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Ingredients : Chandan
English Name : Sandalwood, Sukhad
Latin Name : Santalum Album

about 95% of two isomeric sequiterpene alcohols,a-santalol and b-santalol ,it also contain an aldehyde santalal,santene,santenone,teresantol,santalone and santalene

It gives cooling effect and nourishes the scalp.

It is used as coolant and stimulant. it is used for symptomatic treatment of dysurea and in diminishing the frequency of micturition marked in the tuberculosis of the bladder.it is mainly use in perfume prepration.

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Ingredients : Ravand Chini
English Name : Indian Rheubarb
Latin Name : Rheum emodi

Indian rhubarb contains free anthraquinones, combined anthraquinones as o-glycosides.The anthraquinones both free and in glycosidal combination are chrysophanol, aloe emodin, emodin and rhein. Sennosides A and B are also isolated. The tannins present are hydrolysable tannins. These tannins include D-catechin, epicatechin gallate, with various cinnamoyl and coumaroyl golloyl glucosides and fructose. Stibene derivatives, volatile oil which contains di isobutyl phthalate, cinnamin and ferulic acids, rutin, fatty acids, calcium oxalate.

It is astringent, tonic and purgative. The purgative activity is attributed of greater percentage of anthraquinones. And because it is astringent, it produces truly cleansing action upon the gut, removing debris and then astinging with antiseptic properties as well. · Roots are used in Chronic constipation and biliousness. It is used in atonic indigestion, irritaion of bowel nad chronic dysentery. It has an overall positive and balancing effect upon the whole digestive system.

  • It is astringent, tonic and purgative. The purgative activity is attributed of greater percentage of anthraquinones.And because it is astringent; it produces truly cleansing action upon the gut, removing debris and then stringing with antiseptic
    properties as well.
  • Roots are used in chronic constipation and biliousness.
  • It is used in atonic indigestion, irritation of bowel and chronic dysentery.
  • It has an overall positive and balancing effect upon the whole digestive system
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Ingredients : Harde
English Name : Myrobalans, Haritaki
Latin Name : Terminalia chebula

Harde is a drupe, brown in colour. It is ovate, longitudinally wrinkled, 2 to 3.5 cm long in 1.3 to 2.5cm broad. Fruit has 5 to 6 longitudinal ribs. It is hard and stony. Pulp is 3 to 4 mm thick and not attached to seeds. Seed is pale yellow, 1.5 to 2 cm long and rough. Fruit has slight odour and taste is astringent and slight bitter. Himaj fruits are small, pale brown to black, elliptically ovate and tapering on both sides. On one side of fruit there is a scar of pedicel. Fruit is hard, longitudinally ribbed and often compressed. Odor is slight and taste is astringent and bitter.

about 95% of two isomeric sequiterpene alcohols,a-santalol and b-santalol ,it also contain an aldehyde santalal,santene,santenone,teresantol,santalone and santalene

It is a hair tonic and used for graying of hair. It is a strong rejuvenator of the body, especially for the hair and scalp.

It causes removal of blocked Urine and Kidney Stones.

It is used as a purgative. It increases the frequency of stools and has got the potency of evacuating the bowels completely. It increases intestinal permeability and thus prevents digestive upsets. With its rejuvenating and cleansing properties, it is excellent as a preventive supplement for digestive system.

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Ingredients : Bhumyamalaki
English Name : Kura Amluki
Latin Name : Phyllanthus amarus

A slender annual herb, 15-45 cm high, branched from the base, with an erect stem nacked below and slender leafy angular branches above. Leaves very small, 6-8 mm, subsessile, elliptic-obovate, oblong or linear, tip rounded, obtuse or acute. Flowers minute, very numerous, shortly pedicelled. Capsule minute, depressed globose.

it contain bitter principles andrographolide,a bicyclic diterpenoid lactone.

Plant is considered astrigent, deobstruent, stomachic, diuretic, febrifuge and antiseptic; used for the treatment of jaundice, leucorrhoea, dyspepsia, colic, diarrhoea, dysentery, dropsy, gonorrhoea and diseases of urinogenital system; also useful in diabetes, scabies and ringworms. Young tender shoots are good for chronic dysentery. Hot infusion of the leaves is drunk to stop acute pain in the stomach. Fresh roots are beneficial in jaundice.

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Ingredients : Punarnava
English Name : Spreading Hog Weed
Latin Name : Boerhaavia diffusa

Boerhaavia Diffusa is diffusely branched, non-succulent herb. The whole plant of red flowers shows a slightly reddish tinge, while the white flowered, plant is absolutely green and is more robust. The root is fairly stout and fusiform having a woody rootstock. Many 1-3 ft. long slender prostrate stems arise from the crown of root. Leaves are slightly thick and opposite in unequal pairs at each node of the stem. Leaves vary in size being 0.5 to 0.75 inches. They are ovate or oblong having rounded apex. Margin is entire and pinkish. The petiole is about 0.5 to 1.00 inch long. There are tiny pedicillate pink coloured flowers in small umbels of 5-10 forming long axillary and terminal panicles. There is about 2 to 2.5 mm long, funnel shaped pink or red coloured and five lobed perianth tube. Stamens are 1-3 in number. The ovary is free with a single ovule. Style is filiform with a peltate stigma. The fruit is glandular, with ribs and 2-3 mm. long. White

Formerly an alkaloid punarnavine was reported which is probably allantoin isolated later. Drug contains large amount of potassium nitrate and other potassium salts. It also contains heterocontane, ursolic acid and beta sitosterol which may be partly free and partly as palmitate

Punarnava is used as diuretic. Aqueous decoction is found useful in nephritic syndrome. Its diuretic activity acts quickly for kidney infections and urinary tract infection. It quickly increases urine flow and the alkaloidal effects work to help detoxify the system of infection and speed up the excretory processes.

Punarnava is mainly used for liver disorders like jaundice, hepatitis, cirrhosis, anemaia, flukes etc. It performs detoxification and helps even in chemical injury.It is a hepatotonic so tones, balances and strengthens the liver.

It corrects the digestive system and gives it a nourishment.

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Ingredients : Makoy
English Name : Black Nightshade
Latin Name : Solanum nigrum

Solanum nigrm is a plant, an annual weed that grows up to 60cm tall, is branched and usually erected, growing wild in wastelands and cropfields. Alternat leaves are ovate deep green with an indented margin and acuminate at the tip. Flowers are white with yellow coloured center. The berries are green at early stage and turn to orange or black when ripened. It is also known as Kakamachi, Kakahva, Makoi and Piludi.

Glycosides like solanine, solasonine, solamargine and chaconine. Steroidal sapogenins diosgenin and tigogenin.Flavanoids, Coumarins like scopoletin, flavonols and anthocyanidins.Anthocyanin pigment petanin which is responsible for the purple black berry colouration.

It is hepatoprotactive by nature. It is useful in treatment of cirrhosis of the liver. It is also sedative, febrifuge and emollient. It gives protection against bacterial infection.

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Ingredients : Nepalo
English Name : Croton
Latin Name : Croton tiglium

Major known chemical constituents are glyceryl crotonate, crotonic acid, crotonic resin, and the tumorpromoting phorbol esters phorbol formate, phorbol butyrate, and phorbol crotonate.

Croton oil has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat severe constipation since the seed of the plant can cause diarrhea.

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Ingredients : Barley
English Name : Barley
Latin Name : Hordeum vulgare

it contain niacin, iron, zinc, magnesium, potassium, folic acid, vitamin B6,thiamine,copperandphosphorus.?Barley is an excellent source of soluble fiber, and more generally a rich source of fiber.

It is diuretic,digestive,coolant febrifuge. It is used in pancreas and billiaraeliment and other digestive problem and in infection of the intestinal mucous membren and urinary tract.another use is to lover blood cholestrrol Given as a porridge or barley water, it is an excellent food for the convalescent, infants, and the infirm. It is easily assimilated, and can be taken to clear stagnant mucous and soothe an inflamed digestive tract or urinary tract . Chinese research suggests that barley may be helpful in treating hepatitis. Since it is so easily digested, it would give the liver a much needed rest while making the easily digested nutrients available to strengthen the body. Cool barley water is used in drinks for fevers and to soothe and heal stomach or digestive upsets, irritable bowels, dry coughs, diarrhea, cystits, or irritable bladders.barley also helps in protecting one`s immune system and also helps in preserving the elasticity of tissues. Barley is used for lowering blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol, and for promoting weight loss. It is also used for digestive complaints including diarrhea, stomach pain, and inflammatory bowel conditions.Barley is used for lowering blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol, and for promoting weight loss. It is also used for digestive complaints including diarrhea, stomach pain, and inflammatory bowel conditions.

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Ingredients : Arjuna
English Name : Kahu
Latin Name : Terminalia arjuna

Pieces of varying sizes up to 15 cm or more in length,10 cm or more in breadth, and 3 mm to 1 cm thick. Shape is flat or slightly curved. Outer surface is smooth and grey-coloured. Inner surface is finely striated and brown. Fracture is short, revealing stratified nature of the bark. Taste is astringent. It is also known as Kukubha, Maruthu and Arjuna-Sadra.

Arjuna contains large quantities of calcium salts with smaller amount of aluminium and magnesium salts, 12% tannins, organic acids, a phytosterol, organic ester, colouring matter and sugar. From the benzene extract crystalline substances arjunine and arjunetine are isolated. Arjunine is acidic and its formula C21H32O3 and melts at 192C. Arjunetine is a derivative of hexahydrobenzoic acid and contains lactone ring and OH group. Arjuna also contains Arjunollic acid a triterpene saponin which is responsible for the diuretic property.

It is a hepatoprotective and provides a significant protection against the biochemical alteration in liver and has a tonic effect in case of liver cirrhosis. o It is also immunomodulator and antiviral agent. It prevents the viral infections in the animal body and improves its immune status.

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Ingredients : Shanjirahat
English Name : Talc Powder
Latin Name : Magnesium silicate

It occurs as foliated to fibrous masses, and in an exceptionally rare crystal form.

Hydrated Magnesium Silicate Mg3Si4O10(OH)2

In pharmaceuticals, talc is used primarily as a basis for powders. It is employed as an active agent and auxiliary agent, e.g. as a carrier for pharmaceuticals with a disinfectant, astringent, antiitching or cooling effect.

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Ingredients : Pashanbheda
English Name : Vatyakala
Latin Name : Bergenia ligulata

Tannic acid, Galic acid, Albumin, Glucose, Bergenin, Catechin – 3 – gallate, Afzelechin , Foreign matter 2 %, Total ash 13 %, Acid insoluble ash 0.5 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 9 %, Water soluble extractive 15 %.

It is used as a cure for various ailments such as urinary tract infections, ulcers, wounds and rheumatic pains. The leaves of the plant are also used to cure fevers. The name of the plant in Sanskrit is Pashanabheda or ‘stone breaker’. It is also used in headaches, and also used for asthma, coughs and fevers. Due to astringent effect, it could be used in diarrhea and amoebiasis, It strengthens the heart and checks bleeding disorders.

It is used as a cure for various ailments such as urinary tract infections, ulcers, wounds and rheumatic pains. The leaves of the plant are also used to cure fevers. The name of the plant in Sanskrit is Pashanabheda or ‘stone breaker’.

It exhibits significant anti-inflammatory, analgesic and diuretic properties.

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Ingredients : Sat Lemon
English Name : Citric acid
Latin Name : Citric acid

citric acid prevents the formation of kidney stones and ensures proper functioning of the kidneys. Citric acid’s ability to chelate calcium and its alkalizing properties make it useful as a method for preventing kidney stones as well as several other

It gives cooling and soothing effect and has a tonic value.

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Ingredients : Bhringraj
English Name : False Daisy
Latin Name : Eclipta alba

Roots well developed, cylindrical, grayish. It is also named ‘kehraj’ in Assamese and karisalankanni in Tamil. Floral heads 6-8 mm in diameter, solitary; florets white; achene compressed and narrowly winged. It is also known as Keshraj, Keshranjana,Kesuri, Maka, Mochkand,Galagara and Babri.

It contains mainly coumestans i.e. wedelolactone (I) and demethylwedelolactone (II), polypeptides, polyacetylenes, thiophene-derivatives, steroids, triterpenes and flavonoids.

In Ayurveda the plant is considered a rasayana for longevity and rejuvenation. It is mainly use for hair growth and rejuvenation.

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Ingredients : Neem Chhal / Neem Oil
English Name : Margosa
Latin Name : Azadirchita indica

Contains bitter substances namely nimbin , nimbidin, and nimbidol alcohol, sugiol and a new oxophenol, nimbol nimbosterol, nimbin; nimbidic acid nimbiol; tetranortriterpenoids, epoxyazadiradione, azadiradione and azadirone; The seed oil yielded meliantriol; deacetylnimbin; quercetin and b-sitosterol, cyclolucalenol, methylenecycloartanol, and b-sitosterol, a new etranortriterpenoid, melde, nimbolin A, nimbolin B.

It’s traditional use is based on its detoxifying benefits due to its natural antibacterial, antiviral and antiparasitic properties. As a strong pitta (Fire) pacifying agent, it is used to cleanse the liver and spleen.

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Ingredients : Turpentine Oil
English Name : Turpentine Oil
Latin Name : Oleo Resin

Uses :
Uses in Septokill : Used as treatment for intestinal parasites because of its alleged antiseptic and diuretic properties, and a general cure-all.

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Ingredients : Karanj Oil
English Name : Naktamala
Latin Name : Pongamia glabra

Karanj is a fast growing, glabrous, deciduous tree; 25 m. tall, branches drooping, trunk diameter being 60 cm. Bark is smooth, gray. Leaves are imparipinnate and shiny. Young leaves are pinkish red, mature leaves are glossy, deep green. Flowers are fragrant, white to pinkish, paired along rachis in axillary, pendent, long racemes or panicles. Calyx is campanulate or cup shaped. Pods are short stalked, oblique oblong flat, smooth, thickly leathery to sub woody, indehiscent, 1-seeded. Seeds are thick and reniform. It is also known as Karanja, Pongam Oil Tree and Indian Beech

It contains various alkaloids like demethoxy kanugin, gamatay, glabrin, glabrosaponin, kaempferol, kanjone, kanugin, karangin, neoglabrin, pinnatin, pongamol, pongapin, quercitin, saponin, beta sitosterol and tannin. Also contains moisture, fatty acid, protein, starch, crude fiber and ash. Fatty acids include palmitic, stearic, arachidic, oleic, linoleic, behenic and eicosenoic acid. Distillation of oil gives methanol, acetone, esters, charcoal and pyroligneous acid.

  • The oil is insecticidal, antiseptic, antiparasitic and has cleansing properties. It is very effective in treatment of scabies, itch, herpes, eczema and maggot infested sores. It is also very much effective in treating animals with mange and other skin problems.
  • Karanj is useful in treating the swelling of the wounds, it is effective against the bacteria like Bacillus mycoides, pseudomonas mangiferae and staphylocoocus albus.
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Ingredients : Godanti bhasma
English Name : Calcium Sulphate
Latin Name : Minerals

Chemical constituents :
Godanti bhasma is a natural form of calcium

Uses : Godanti Bhasm as Natural Herbal Remedies for Headaches .Godanti is very beneficial in treatment of various types of fevers. Godanti brings about the treatment of fever by bringing down the temperature, reducing thirst, vomiting, headache and various other associated symptoms. This is also found to be very useful in treatment of common cold. Acts as a cleanser it helps in removing dead cells. It is an effective moisturizer for the skin. Godanti is also used for the treatment of leucorrhea. Godanti is also used for the treatment of dry cough. Godanti is beneficial in treatment of constipation. Godanti is a well known herbal product for the treatment of malaria. This is also used for the treatment of various types of headaches.

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Ingredients : Praval Bhasma
English Name : Coral calx
Latin Name : Korelium rubr

Chemical constituents :
Rich source of Calcium.

Uses
Adalpine SP Tablet : It is provides calcium to the body and hence exhibits good neurotransmission and lowers the body temperature. It also makes the bones more stronger and decreases the pain. It is used in treatment of eye disorders, pthisis, chronic respiratory diseases, cough, cold, bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, bleeding hemorrhoids etc, excessive sweating, night sweating, toxic conditions etc. It improves digestive power, vision power, immunity and skin complexion.

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Ingredients : Alum
English Name : Alum
Latin Name : Heuchera spp

aluminum, potassium, sulfate, aluminum, chromium, iron, manganese,cobalt,or,titanium

It is used as an astringent, styptic, and immunoprotective.

It is used as an adjuvant which modifies the effect of other agents and acts as a delivery agent by formulating depots.

It acts as an pH modifier and balances the conditions of digestive system. Thus it relives the indigestion condition.

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Ingredients : Thymol
English Name : Thymol
Latin Name : Isopropyl Cresol

White crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor and strong antiseptic properties. Thymol also provides the distinctive, strong flavor of the culinary herb thyme.

It is a local anesthetic and analgesic. So prevents animal from having a pain sensation. In contact with putrid pus, it removes any odor emanating from this substance. When applied to wounds, ulcers and abscesses, it modifies their condition and accelerates cicatrisation. Being a disinfectant, it can be applied locally to prevent septicemia. Thymol is antiseptic, antimicrobial, nsecticidal, vermifuge and astringent. It is used as a wound cleanser, in scrofulous skin conditions and as a skin disinfectant. o It has a power to combat itchiness.

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Ingredients : Kapoor
English Name : Camphor
Latin Name : Cinnamomum camphora

Its bark contains a major constituent as cinnamaldehyde that imparts it the very peculiar odor and flavor. The oil is extracted from the leaf that contains eugenol and iso eugenol that imparts it a very harsh odor; besides these it contains minerals a active component known as camphor that imparts it the properties.

It also warms the skin and is easily absorbed when applied topically, making it a particularly effective treatment for arthritic and rheumatic joint pain. It is indicated in all disease that involves the three dosha i.e. vata, pitta and kapha. It is a very good pain reliever. It is very effective in convulsions and respiratory disorders. It removes the bad odor from mouth. It improves taste of mouth. It stimulates heart and improves blood circulation. It first vaso-dilates the arteries and afterwards constrict them. It has a good role in respiratory system as it helps in expelling extra amount of mucus in the respiratory tract. It improves the condition of throat. In increases the urine output.

Camphor essential oil include it properties as a stimulant, antispasmodic, antiseptic, decongestant, anesthetic, sedative and nervous pacifier, antineuralgic, anti-inflammatory, disinfectant, and insecticide substance.

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Ingredients : Mahasudarshan
English Name : Mahasudarshan
Latin Name : Mahasudarshan

Chemical constituents :
It is a combination of 47 other herbs.

Uses
Adalpin SP Tablet : It is used as an immunity enhancer as well as eliminates toxins from body. Useful to treat
all kind of fevers.

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Ingredients : Pushpanjan
English Name : ZnO
Latin Name : Zinc Oxide

Uses :
Uses in Septikill: It is used in a highly purified form to treat or prevent minor skin irritations caused by burns and cuts. o It is important agent for wound healing as every cell in the human body requires zinc to multiply and more than 300 enzymes need zinc for proper functioning.

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Ingredients : Zinc
English Name : Zinc, Zink
Latin Name : Zn

Chemical constituents :Zinc

Uses :
Zinc supplements are used to prevent or treat zinc deficiency. Lack of zinc may lead to poor night vision and wound-healing, a decrease in sense of taste and smell, a reduced ability to fight infections, and poor development of reproductive organs.

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Ingredients : Beed Lavan
English Name : Nushadir Salt
Latin Name : Ammonium Chloride

It is also known as Zalmiak, Sal Armagnac, Salmiakki and Salt Armoniack.

Ammonium Chloride: NH4Cl

It is used in situations where blood is too alkaline or contains too little chloride, and this can be caused due to vomiting, stomach disorders etc.

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Ingredients : Shankha
English Name : Conch shell
Latin Name : Turbinella Rapa

The overall shape of the main body of the shell is oblong or conical. In the oblong form, it has a protuberance in the middle, but tapers at each end. The upper portion (the siphonal canal) is corkscrew-shaped, while the lower end (the spire) is twisted and tapering. Its colour is dull, and the surface is hard, brittle and translucent. Like all snail shells, the interior is hollow. The inner surfaces of the shell are very shiny, but the outer surface exhibits high tuberculation.

Shankha bhasma contains calcium, iron and magnesium and is considered to possess antacid and digestive properties.

It is prescribed for vata (wind/air) and pitta (bile) ailments thus it maintains the balance in the body and strengthens the immune system which will b helpful to treat the sepsis.

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Ingredients : Magnesium
English Name : Magnesium
Latin Name : Mg

Chemical constituents : Magnesium

Uses :
Uses in Agrical : Magnesium is also used as a laxative for constipation and for preparation of the bowel for surgical or diagnostic procedures. It is also used as an antacid for acid indigestion. It is used for diseases of the heart and blood vessels including chest pain, irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, high levels of “bad” cholesterol called low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, low levels of “good” cholesterol called highdensity lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, heart valve disease (mitral valve prolapse), and heart attack. Magnesium is also used for treating attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), Lyme disease, fibromyalgia, leg cramps during pregnancy, diabetes, kidney stones, migraineheadaches, weak bones (osteoporosis), premenstrual syndrome (PMS), altitude sickness, urinary incontinence, restless leg syndrome, asthma, hayfever, multiple sclerosis, and for preventing hearing loss.

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Ingredients : L-Lysin M-Hydro
English Name : Lysine
Latin Name : Lysine

Chemical constituents : Lysine amino acid

Uses :
Lysine is used for preventing and treating cold sores (caused by the virus called herpes simplex labialis). It is taken by mouth or applied directly to the skin for this use. Lysine is also taken by mouth to improve athletic performance.

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Ingredients : D.L. Methionion
English Name : D.L. Methionion
Latin Name : D.L. Methionion

Uses :
Uses in Agrical : Methionine is used to prevent liver damage in acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning. It is also used for increasing the acidity of urine, treating liver disorders, and improving wound healing. Other uses include treating depression, alcoholism, allergies, asthma, copper poisoning, radiation side effects, schizophrenia, drug withdrawal, and Parkinson’s disease.

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Ingredients : Sodium Chloride
English Name : Sodium Chloride
Latin Name : Sodium Chloride

Chemical constituents : NaCl

Uses :
It is used to treat or prevent sodium loss caused by dehydration, excessive sweating.

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Ingredients : Javkhar
English Name : Zalmiak
Latin Name : Potassium Carbonet

Chemical constituents :
Potassium carbonate

Uses :
Uses in Stonyl : It is the primary component of potash and it can reduce the incident on kidney stones.

Uses in Gasopain Bolus : It modifies the pH of digestive tract and thus it balances the system and expels the gas.

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Ingredients : Choline Chloride
English Name : Choline Chloride
Latin Name : Choline Chloride

Chemical constituents : 2-hydroxy-N, N, N-trimethylethanaminium chloride OR (2-hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium chloride.

Uses :
Choline Chloride is an essential nutrient for optimum animal growth through building and maintaining cell structure and function. Choline is associated with the metabolism and synthesis of glycine, betaine, cysteine, serine, methionine and many other methyl containing biological compounds.

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Ingredients : Vitamin B2
English Name : Vit. B2
Latin Name : Riboflavin

Uses :
Riboflavin is used for preventing low levels of riboflavin (riboflavin deficiency), cervical cancer, and migraineheadaches. It is also used for treating riboflavin deficiency, acne, muscle cramps, burning feet syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, and blood disorders such as congenital methemoglobinemia and red blood cell aplasia. Some people use riboflavin for eye conditions including eye fatigue, cataracts, and glaucoma. Other uses include increasing energy levels; boosting immune system function; maintaining healthy hair, skin, mucous membranes, and nails; slowing aging; boosting athletic performance; promoting healthy reproductive function; canker sores; memory loss, including Alzheimer’s disease; ulcers; burns; alcoholism; liver disease; sickle cellanemia; and treating lactic acidosis brought on by treatment with a class of AIDS medications called NRTI drugs.

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Ingredients : Nimak Sindhav
English Name : Rock Salt
Latin Name : Rock Salt

Chemical constituents :
Sadium Chloride

Uses :
Uses in Gasopain Bolus : It helps in Digestion and increases the appetite. It removes the toxic material out of the body and works as a cleanser. Helps in management of ruminal pH too.

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Ingredients : Dadam
English Name : Anar, Pomegranate
Latin Name : Punica granatum

It is a commonly cultivate ornamental and fruit tree in Northern India and Mediterranean countries. It grows upto 20 feet tall with deciduous foliage. The glossy, evergreen leaves are short stemmed, oblong and lanceolate. The showy flowers are orange-red while the fruit is globose, 3 – 4″ in diameter and has a tough leathery skin. Pomegranate has a calyx shaped like a crown. The sweet-sour, edible fruit with mumerous seeds (more than 50%of the weight of the fruit), can be eaten out of hand, used in jelly or made into juice. It is also known as Granada,Granaatappel, Grenade, Granatapfel, Pomo Granato, Zakuro, Roman Zeiro, Mel and Dadima.

362 calories per 100gm. Polyphenols, tannins, anthocyanins, vitamin C, A, E and folic acid, arachidic acid,carotene. Proteins, fat, carbohydrates. Also contains Phosphorus, chlorine, chlorogenic acid, calcium, boric acid, Iron, Sodium, potassium and fibers. Alkaloid pelletierine. Glycoside cerebroside, cyanidin-3- diglucoside, cyaniding-3-glucoside, delphinidin-3-glucoside. Estradiol, estrone,flavogallol, sugar fructose,matose and glucose, Ellagitannin punicalagin. Which has antimicrobial activity. Gallic acid, granatin A, garanatin B,malvidin, malvidin pentose glycoside. Punica folin, Punicic acid, puniclagin, punicalin. Water, wax.

It has got anthelmintic properties and all the parts of pomegranate contain unusual alkaloid, known as pelletierine, which paralyze tapeworms so that they are easily expelled from the body. It can also be used in amoebic attacks. It is antibacterial, antiviral, astringent and vermifuge.

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Ingredients : Vidari Kand
English Name : Giant potato
Latin Name : Ipomoea paniculata

This herb grows in India. It is a perennial climber with large, ovoid and tuberous roots. Its leaves are large, ovate lanceolate, acute or acuminate and glabrous. Flowers are campanulate and occur in axillary cymes. Corolla is purple in colour. Ovary is four celled. Fruits occur in capsule form, ovoid in shape and each fruit contains four seeds, which are woolly and black in colour. It is also known as Finger leaf morning-glory.

Beta sitosterol, taraxerol and sitosterol. Glycoside paniculatin. Alantolacton, isoalantolactone, dihydroalantolactone, dihydroisoalantolactone, daucosterol and Inunolide.

Vidarikand is alternative, demulcent, rejuvenative and tonic. It is used for ebility and poor digestion.

Vidarikand is rejuvenative, tonic and galactogogue. It increases the secretion of milk and corrects the deficiency if any.

Vidarikand is rejuvenative, tonic and galactogogue. It increases the secretion of milk and corrects the hormonal deficiency if any.

It can help overcome general debility. It is an anti aging drug and sexual ebuilding tonic, that supports sexual pleasure, fertility and performance.

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Ingredients : Vaj
English Name : Calamus
Latin Name : Araceae

Chemical constituents :
the drug contain 1.5 to 3.5% of volatile oil,starch,resin(2.5%) and tannin(1.5%) .volatile oil contain asaraldehyde. The other contents of the oil are as arose and eugenol

Uses :
it is used as carminative ,bitter stimulant and vermifuge,sedative and tranquillaising properties. It is also known as Vaj, Ghoda Vaj, Bach and Calamus Rhizome.

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Ingredients : Jivanti
English Name : Jivanti
Latin Name : Jivanti

It is also known as Jivani, Madhusrava and Dori.

0.5% alkaloids, Leptadenol, n-triacontane, cetyl alcolhol, beta sitosterol, tigma sterol, beta amyrin acetate.

It is stimulant and tonic. Mainly used as a lactogenic in case of diminished lactation. It also imparts positive effect on protein and glycogen content of milk as well as the secretary quality.

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Ingredients : Hansraj
English Name : Maidenhair fern
Latin Name : Adiantum lunulatum

Leafy fern; stipes dark chestnut-brown, wiry, 6-15 cm long, glabrous, shining, tufted; fronds often elongated, rooting at apex, pinnate, pinnae subdimidate; sori borne in a continuous line along the edge. It is also known as Black maidenhair fern, Rock fern, Southern maidenhair fern and Venus-hair fern.

higher carotenoids and chlorophyll-degradation products.

It gives an anti bacterial activity and prevents any infections.

  1. Plant: in asthma, cough, fever;
  2. Leaf: balding, erysipelas, leprosy; BHIL : Plant: pimples; SIKKIMESE : Leaf: bronchitis;

KHASIA and GARO :

  1. Plant: bone fracture
  2. Leaf: sprain

SANTAL :

  1. Plant: in atrophy, cachexy, emaciation, watery diarrhoea
  2. Root: in muscular pain, rabies, bite of a rabid jackal or dog.

AYURVEDA : Plant: antidysenteric, febrifugal, subdues burning sensation of body, useful as soothing agent (as lotion) in
erysipelas and along with Asparagus racemosus in gonorrhoea; Root: in fever. Modern use

Prescribed for strangury and fever due to elephantiasis.

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Ingredients : Jatamansi
English Name : Indian Valerian
Latin Name : Nardostachys jatamansi

The drug is usually covered with red to brown fibers, which are the accumulated remains of leaf bases. In the fibers remains of aerial shoots are also seen. Rhizome is cylindrical and with brown to deep grayish fibers is 1 to 5 cm long and 0.5 to 3 cm in Diameter. The internal colour of rhizome is red to brown. If all the leaf bases, aerial shoots and adventitious roots are removed, the rhizome shows rough surface with transverse rings. These rings represents the scars of nodes, leaf bases and the adventitious roots, Fracture is splintery. Adventitious roots are thin,Branched ard red to brown in colour. Odour is slight and aromatic and taste is aromatic and pungent. It is also known as Indian Spike Nard and Mansi.

Jatamansi contains Volatile oil and Volatile oil Contais a Ketone Jatamansone. It also contains Jatamansic acid.

  • A hair tonic promotes growth and imparts blackness and luster to hair.
  • Makes hair more manageable and imparts a smoother and softer texture.
  • Prevents hair loss and good for dry scalp. The oil of Jatamansi is an calmative, sedative and antiseptic in nature.
  • Effective for tension, stress, migraine, nervous indigestion and insomnia.
  • Helps in enhancing and balancing all aspects of mental functioning including comprehension, memory and recollection. It has a particular effect of calming.

It helps in increasing the flow of the milk in animals with scanty milk roduction.

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Ingredients : Kalmegh
English Name : Green chirayta
Latin Name : Andrographis paniculata

Andrographis paniculata grows erect to a height of 30-110 cm in moist, shady places. The slender stem is dark green, squared in cross-section with longitudinal furrows and wings along the angles. The lance-shaped leaves have hairless blades measuring up to 8 centimeters long by 2.5 wide. The small flowers are borne in spreading racemes. The fruit is a capsule around 2 centimeters long and a few millimeters wide. It contains many yellow-brown seeds. It is also known as creat, king of bitters, andrographis, India echinacea and Kadu kariyatu.

bicyclic diterpenoid lactone, Andrographolide, Andrographine, Neoandrographolide, Panicoline.

its effectiveness is limited to treatment of upper respiratory infection, ulcerative colitis and rheumatic symptoms;

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Ingredients : Bilwa
English Name : Bael fruit, Golden apple
Latin Name : Aegle marmelos

It is also known as bengal quince, golden apple, beli and bel-tree.

It contain a marmelosin a,marmelosin b,marmelosin c.

It contains demulcent mucilage which covers the inflammed raw areas of mucous membrane and reduces the irritation and the spasm by reducing motions and pain. Thus it exhibits anyti diarrhoeal as well as an anti dysentric effect.

It gives anti inflammatory action and alleviates pain.

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Ingredients : Nausader
English Name : Amm. hydrochloride
Latin Name : Amm. hydrochloride

Full Name: Ammonium hydrochloride

It Helps In Digestion And Increases The Appetite. It Removes The Toxic Material Out Of The Body And Works As A Cleanser. Helps In Management Of Ruminal Ph Too. Regulates ruminal pH and prevents from ruminal alkalosis.

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Ingredients : Ajmoda
English Name : Celery fruit
Latin Name : Apium graveolens

It is a biennial erect herb about 2 to 3 ft. high. Leaves pinnate, arising from the roots, deeply lobed; segments coarsely toothed at the apex; lower stalks very short. The fruit is small, about 1 mm. long and 1 mm. diameter, and contains minute seeds. The epicarp is interspersed with oil ducts.

Its leaves contain moisture (81.3%). Carbohydrates(8.6%). Fat(0.6%), protein(6.0%), calcium(0.23%), Iron(6.3 mg.) vitamin A (5800 to 7500 IU) and vitamin C (62 mg / 100gm); the stalks contain moisture (93.5%), carbohydrates (3.5%), protein (0.8%), calcium (0.03%) iron (4.8mg.), and vitamin C (6mg./ 100g.).The herb is also reported to contain the glucoside apiin. The celery fruits yield 2 to 3% of paleyellow volatile oil with a persistent odor, characteristic of the plant. The fruits also yield 17% of a fatty oil called oil of celery. Chemical constituents of the essential oil are d-limonene, d-selinene, sesquiterpene alcohols, sedanolide, and sedanomic acid anhydride. Chemical examination of the seeds showed the presence of anthoxanthins which consisted almost completely of glycosiders which have been separated into two entities called graveobioside A and graveobioside B. Both of them yielded apiose and glucose on hydrolysis, but the aglycone of gravebioside A was found to be luteolin and that of graveobioside B, chrysoeriol. It was seen that glycosided are apiose glucosides. Psoralen, xanthotoxin, angelicin, and bergapten are obtained from edible vegetable matter, all with photodynamical activity. Bergapten is responsible for skin disorders among the cultivators. Seeds contain 10% of insoluble carbohydrates and 0.8% of an essential oil.

The seeds are carminative, diuretic, stomachic, aphrodisiac, and tonic. Its oil is also used as an antispasmodic and nerve stimulant. It has been successfully employed in rheumatoid arthritis and probably acts as an intestinal antiseptic. As antispasmodics, they are used in bronchitis, asthma, and to some extent for liver and spleen diseases. In India celery leaves and stalk are used as salad and in the preparation of soup.

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Ingredients : Kalmishora
English Name : Nitrate Salt
Latin Name : Potassium Nitrate

This colorless chemical compound is found pure in nature as the mineral saltpeter, or nitre. Potassium nitrate is a crystalline salt that resembles table salt.

Potassium nitrate KNO3

It dissolves kidney stone and also Medical potassium supplements are known to lower blood pressure.

It reacts with the gas present in digestive tract and expels it out of the body.

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Ingredients : Sanchal
English Name : Black salt
Latin Name : Sodiai Chloradum

Kala namak consists primarily of sodium chloride and trace impurities of sodium sulfate, iron sulfide, and hydrogen sulfide.

Is used as a laxative and digestive aid. It is also believed to relieve intestinal gas and heartburn. It is sometimes used by people with high blood pressure or on low-salt diets because it is thought to be lower in sodium and purportedly does not increase sodium content in the blood. This is used as a stool softener and is a remedy for constipation. Hypertensive patients are also advised to use black salt instaed of common salt. It is also believed to relieve intestinal gas and heartburn.

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Ingredients : Doodhi
English Name : Bottle Gourd
Latin Name : Lagenaria siceraria

it is high in dietary fiber, vitamin C, Riboflavin, Zinc, Thiamine, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese etc It is also low in saturated fat and cholesterol.

It gives a feeling of relaxation and cooling. It gives shiny effects to hairs and makes it smooth.

The juice is a valuable medicine for excessive thirst due to severe diarrhoea, diabetes and excessive use of fatty or fried foods. The juice of the fruit is used in the treatment of stomach acidity, indigestion and ulcers. its helps in constipation. It is considered to be useful in conditions of constipation, urinary disorders, excessive thirst due to severe diarrhea, diabetes. It is also said to help control cholesterol and considered effective on joint pain and weight loss. It is very valuable in urinary disorders. It should be given once daily in the treatment of burning sensation in urinary passage due to high acidity of urine. It serves as an alkaline mixture. A fruit juice is used in the treatment of insanity, epilepsy and other nervous diseases.

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Ingredients : Kalijiri
English Name : Kalijiri
Latin Name : Centra. anthelminticum

Macroscopy : Full Botanical Name: Centratherum anthelminticum

Uses :
Uses in Digesta powder and Tonical : It balances the Tridosha (Vata, Pita and Kapha) and thus cures the digestive disorders.

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Ingredients : Kulinjan
English Name : Galanga
Latin Name : Alpinia galanga

The robust rhizome has a sharp, sweet taste and smells like a blend of black pepper and pine needles. It is also known as Blue ginger and Thai ginger.

Alpinia galanga rhizome contains the flavonol galangin.

It is used as an aromatic, stimulant and carminative and having antibacterial
activity.

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Ingredients : Shankhjirah
English Name : Talcum
Latin Name : Soft Stone

Chemical constituents :
Mg3Si4O10(OH)2 Magnesium Silicate

Uses :
Cocoment Ointment : It is antibacterial as well as makes skin more smooth and soft.

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Ingredients : Nagod
English Name : Nirgundi
Latin Name : Vitex negundo

Chemical constituents :
Fresh leaves give 0.05% essential oil and air dried leaves give an lkaloid..Seeds contain tannin and Malic acid.

Uses :
Uses in Meryn Tablet : They are useful in dispersing swellings of joints from acute rheumatism. The leaves are considered to be aromatic, tonic and vermifuge , dried leaves are smoked for relief of headache and catarrhal and With long pepper, the decoction of othe leaves is given in catarrhal fever with heaviness of head and dullness of hearing. Leaves are used as a bath in the puerperal state of women. Juice of the leaves is used for removing foetid discharges and worms from ulcers. Oil extracted from the leaves is applied to sinuses and scrofulous sores. Roots are used as expectorant febrifuge and tonic.

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Ingredients : Khus Khus
English Name : White Poppy
Latin Name : Pepaver Somniferum

It is also known as Opium Poppy, Mawseed and Herb of Joy.

Chemical constituents present in it such as benzoic acid, furfurol, vetiverol, vetivenyl vetivenate and vetivene. Oil extracted from this plant contains furfurol, benzoic acid, vetivene, vetivenyl vetivenate, 5-epiprezizane, terpinen-4-ol, Khusimol, Khusimene, Khusimone, a-muurolene, Calacorene, selinene, ß-humulene, alongipinene, d-selinene,d-cadinene, valencene, Calarene, gurjunene, Epizizanal, a-amorphene, 3-epizizanol, Iso-khusimol, Valerenol, vetivazulene, ß-vetivone, a-vetivone.

It is used for inflammation in nervous and circulatory systems. This herb is used as a pain reliever in diseases such as muscular aches, arthritis, rheumatism, gout, dryness and skin cracking. but may include , Relieving Back Pain, and Reducing Inflammation.

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Ingredients : Kali Draksh
English Name : Californian Grapes
Latin Name : Vitis vinifera

Fruit contains malic, tartaric, racemic acidic along with 0.05% ash, fruit ontains glucose and other substances.

The ripe fruits acrid, cooling, sweet, laxative and purgative, fattening, diuretic, aphrodisiac, appetiser, good for eyes, and throat; cures thirst, fever, asthma, gout, jaundice, strangury, burning, bad effects of drinking alcohol and blood diseases. Allays vitiated vata and vomiting. If difficult to digest, causes gas in the stomach; also causes kapha. The sour fruit causes biliousness. The black fruit an aphrodisiac; cures kapha and biliousness.Treating varicose veins. Hemorrhoids. Constipation. Cough. Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Diarrhe, Liver damage. High cholesterol levels.

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Ingredients : Gorakhmundi
English Name : Rice field weed
Latin Name : Sphaeranthus indicus

Ionone,d-cadinene,p-methoxy cinnamaldehyde as majoraMethyl chavicol,-ionene,b-terpinene,citral,geraniol, geranyl acetate, aconstituents and sphaerene as minor constituents of essential oil have been identified.

The herb has a bitter taste. All the parts of the plants are used for medicinal purpose. It is used as laxative and tonic. It increases the appetite. Useful for treatment of Hepatitis B. The roots, stem, leaves, fruits and flowers almost all the parts are used as Ayurvedic herbal medicine. laxative, digestible, tonic, fattening, alterative, anthelmintic and alexipharmic. It is used in insanity, tuberculosis, indigestion, bronchitis, spleen diseases, elephantiasis, anaemia, pain in uterus and vagina, piles, asthma, leucoderma, dysentery.

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Ingredients : Sonageru
English Name : Calcicard
Latin Name : Ochare

C22H26N2O4S Calcicard

Cocoment Ointment: It is used for skin diseases like various types of itching, urticaria and eczema.

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Ingredients : Deshi Mom
English Name : Honey Bee Wax
Latin Name : Honey Bee Wax

Beeswax is a tough wax formed from a mixture of several compounds. An approximate chemical formula for beeswax is C15H31COOC30H61.[7] Its main components are palmitate, palmitoleate, and oleate esters of long-chain (30-32 carbons) aliphatic alcohols, with the ratio of triacontanyl palmitate CH3(CH2)29O-CO-(CH2)14CH3 to cerotic acid[8] CH3(CH2)24COOH, the two principal components, being 6:1.

It is mainly esters of fatty acids and various long-chain alcohols.

Cocoment Ointment: It is used as an emolient and mosturizer as well as a base.

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Ingredients : Cocum Goti
English Name : Cocum
Latin Name : Garcinia indica

Cocumcotains glycerides of stearic (55%),oleic (40%),hydroxyl capric acid (10%),palmitic (2.5%),and linoleic acids (1.5%).it contains citric acid, acetic acid, malic acid, ascorbic acid, hydroxycitric acid and garcinol.

Cocoment Ointment: It is used as a nutritive,demulcent,astringent and mollient.it is used in the prepration of ointments.

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Ingredients : Sarsav Tel
English Name : Indian mustard
Latin Name : Brassica juncea

It contain volatile oil, glucose, potassium, hydrogen sulphate and a sulphurcontaining compound. it contain alba was 5% of the total seed weight. Analysis of the components in the crude mucilage revealed 80% to 94% carbohydrates, 1.7% to 15% ash, and 2.2 to 4.4% protein. The ratio of carbohydrates included 22% to 35% glucose, 11% to 15% galactose, and smaller amounts of mannose, rhamnose, arabinose, and xylose8.

It is useful in rheumatic pains (increases flow of blood to a specific area). It is mainly used as a base. It is useful in skin diseases. It is useful in Bodyache, Piles, Pyorrhoea, Itching, Urticaria, Diseases of skin, Diseases of eyes, Disease of head, Leucoderma, Skin disease and Ulcer.

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Ingredients : Mustard Oil
English Name : Mustard Oil
Latin Name : Brassica nigra

Constituent of volatile oil The main chemical component of mustard oil is no less than 92% allyl isothiocyanate.

It is used in rheumatism, arthritis, lumbago, and aches and pains. Helps to stay away form coronary heart diseases, It can be used as an antibacterial oil ,Helps to detoxify human body. Stimulates digestion, circulation and excretory system.

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Ingredients : Rosa Oil
English Name : Damask rose
Latin Name : Rosa damascena

Citronellol, geraniol, nerol, linalool, phenyl ethyl alcohol, farnesol, stearoptene, ?-pinene, ?-pinene, ?- terpinene, limonene, p-cymene, camphene, ?-caryophyllene, neral, citronellyl acetate, geranyl acetate, neryl acetate, eugenol, methyl eugenol, rose oxide, ?-damascenone, ?-damascenone, benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, rhodinyl acetate, phenyl ethyl formate.

It is used in colon, stomach, urinary bladder, prostrate, urethra & urinary tracts and kidneys etc. and external bacterial infections on skin, armpits, head, eyebrows & eyelids, ears etc. It is a very painful situation caused due to infection in wounds (wounds are most prone to infections, being open and unprotected) and vulnerable internal organs such as urinary tracts, urinary bladder, urethra, colon, kidneys etc. It does not only trigger sudden, acute and unbearable pain but also gives cramps and convulsions. So, it is always advisable to take care of the wounds and any type of infection in the genitor-urinary organs. This can be done with the help of this oil.

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Ingredients : Kachora
English Name : Zedory
Latin Name : Curcuma zedoria

Fragran oil, Starch

It is used as an Anti-inflammatory ,Analgesic, Respirtory disorders , Mesntrual disorders, Anti-pyretic.

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Ingredients : Ark Bijora
English Name : Citron
Latin Name : Citrus medica

Fragran oil, Starch

It cures abdominal pain and spasm.

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Ingredients : Kakda Sing
English Name : Crab’s claw
Latin Name : Pistacia chinensis

It includes gallic acid, m-digallic acid, quercetin, 6-0-galloyl arbutin-quercitrin and quercetin-3-0(6”- galloyl)-beta-D-glucosides.

It is used as an analgesic, antitussive, expectorant and sedative.

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Ingredients : Ardusi
English Name : Malabar nut
Latin Name : Adhatoda vasica

It is also known as Malabar chestnut, White vasa, Yellow vasa and Vasaka.

It contain quinazoline derivatives such as vasicine,vasicione and 6-hydroxyl vasicine.biochemically,vasicine is oxidised to its ketonic derivative vasicinone and the latter exerts main activity as bronchodilator.the drug also contains volatile oil ,betain and vasatin, adhatodic acid.

Vasaka is used as expectorant and bronchodilator. The large doses are irritant and cause vomitting and diarrhoea. The pharmacological investigations have shown that vasicine also shows oxytocic property similar to oxytocine and methyl ergometrine. Vasicine also shows abortificient action and both the actions are due to release of prostaglandins. Bromhexine HCL is a synthetic derivative of vasicine which changes the structure of bronchial secretions and reduces viscosity of sputum.

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Ingredients : Dhamasa
English Name : Cretica
Latin Name : Fagonia arabica

Ceryl alcohol, Chinovic acid, Harmine, Alanine, Arginine, Glycine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Phenylalanine, Oleanolic acid, Campesterol, Stigmasterol Ash value 9.12 %, Acid insoluble ash 0.43 %, Water soluble extractive 25.6 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 8.72 %, Crude fibre content 30.75 %, Loss on drying at 105 degree celcius – 6.6 %.

It is used as ananalgesic, antiinflammatory, antiamphetaminic, micturritive, coolant,skin diseases,anti-pyretic,urinary tract infection.

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Ingredients : Kapoor Kanchali
English Name : Sutti, Hedichim
Latin Name : Hedichium spicatum

It is an annual herb, with a horizontal root- stock, and tuberous rootfibres, leaves are 30 cms or more in length. Inflorescence is spiked. Flowers ascending and dense yellow colored. Capsule is globose. It is hardy to zone 8 and is frost tender. It is in flower in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.

The dried rhizome of the plant contains essential oil, starch, resins, organic acids and a glycoside; albumen and saccharine are also present. The essential oil has ethyl ester of p-methoxy cinnamic acid, d-sabirene cineole, sesquiterpenes and pentadecane methyl paracumarine acetate. It contains sitosterol and its Dglycoside.

It is carminative, stimulant and anti inflammatory so gives protection against inflammation and irritation in intestine. It also prevents bacterial infections on stomach.

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Ingredients : Kesar
English Name : Saffron Cress
Latin Name : Crocus sativus

Crocon and crocetin,bitter principle picrocrocin and traces of volatile oil ,protocrocin, picrocrocin, trimethyl hydroxy carboxaldehyde cyclohexene, kaempherol, cis/trans-crocins and safranal. 2-nitroaniline.

It is an antispasmodic,stimulant.it is used for the improvement of digestion and appetite,providing relief from gas and acidity related problems,it used for the treatment of kidney,bladder and liver disorders,it helps in improving circulation to organs of digestion,it is used in blood purified,antioxidant.

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Ingredients : Loh Bhasma
English Name : Iron calx
Latin Name : Iron calx

It is a strong hematinic, iron supplier, used in anemia. It also improves ppetite and provides vitality to the body.

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Ingredients : Anjeer
English Name : Figtree
Latin Name : Ficus carica

Phytochemical studies on F. carica revealed the presence of numerous bioactive compounds such as phenolic compounds, phytosterols, organic acids, anthocyanin composition, triterpenoids, coumarins, and volatile compounds such as hydrocarbons, aliphatic alcohols.

Leaves, fruits, and roots of F. carica are used in native medicinal system in different disorders such as gastrointestinal (colic, indigestion, loss of appetite, and diarrhea), respiratory (sore throats, cough, and bronchial problems), inflammatory, and cardiovascular disorders.

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Ingredients : Kalipat
English Name : Tape vine
Latin Name : Stephania hornandifolia

It contains 5-hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1(2H)-one, thaicanine 4-O-beta-D-glucoside, as well as (-)-thaicanine N-oxide (4-hydroxycorynoxidine).

It is used to cure liver diseases. Uses in Stonyl: It treats urinary and kidney infections and also acts as a diuretic.

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Ingredients : Nashotar
English Name : Indian Jalap
Latin Name : Ipomoea turpethum

Drug obtained in commerce consists mainly of stems of Ipomoea turpethum. Drug occurs in cylindrical of spirally twisted pieces. Pieces are 2 to 15 cm long and 3 to 5 mm in diameter. Outer surface is dirty grayishbrown to dark brown because of cork. Longitudinal wrinkles and ridges are present on the outer surface. Fracture is irregular and fractured surface shows a thin bark, large porous wood and hollow pith in the center. Roots are darker and longitudinally-furrowed. Fractured surface of root shows a wide bark and central wood. In the roots abnormal vascular bundles are present in the phelloderm. Odour is slight but characteristic and taste is unpleasant. It is also known as Turpeth Root, Turpeth and Nishoth.

The roots and rhizomes acontain 7 to 8% resin. According to rcent work from the alcohol soluble resin of the roots of I. Turpethum five glycosidic turpethinic acids have been isolated and their structures elucidated as gluco-gluco-rhamnosides of turpethinic acids. The turpethinic acid are 11. hydroxypalmitic acid or Jalapinolic acid, 3,12 dihydroxy pentadeceanoic acid or Operculonic acid and hither to unknown 3,12 dihydroxypalmitic acid, 4,12 dihydroxy pentadecanoic acid and 4,12 dihydroxypalmitic acid. The petrol ether and ether soluble part of the resin contained glycosidic acid consisting of jalapinolic acid, glucose and rhamnose. Volatile fatty acids are nearly the same as Jalap.

It is a digestive stimulant, so increases the metabolism of vital nutrients as well as their absorption. It improves the appetite in the animal and provides nutritional balance in its body. This herb is a mild purgative and is used in case of hepatic toxicity. It detoxifies the body and the organs. In case of liver damage or a sluggish liver, the buildup of toxins in the system puts additional pressure on the liver, and thus it becomes necessary to clean the stomach for which nashotar is used.

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Ingredients : Tulsi
English Name : Holi Basil
Latin Name : Ocimum sanctum

Annual herb 30-60 cm. high, much branched stems and branches usually purplish, sometimes woody below, clothed with soft spreading hairs. Leaves are 2.5-5 cm long and 1.6-3.2 cm broad, elliptical, oblong obtuse or acute. Margin entire or serrate, surface pubescent on both sides, minutely gland-dotted, base obtuse or acute, petioles 1.3-2.5 cm long slender, hairy. Inflorescene verticillate, flowers in racemes 15-20 cm long in close whorls. Bracts 3 mm, both long and broad, broadly ovate, calyx slender, pubescent, bilabiate, lower lip pubescent on the back. Stamens exserted, filaments slender, the upper pair with a small branched appendage at the base. Nutlets 1.25 mm long broadly ellipsoid, nearly smooth, yello with small balack markings. Seeds brownish, globose or sub-globose. Odour and taste aromatic and sharp.

Leaves contain 0.7 percent volatile oil. Volatile oil contains about 71 percent eugenol and 20 percent methyl eugenol. The oil contains also carvacrol and sesquiterpene hydrocarbon caryophyllene. The oil from plants in phillipines possesses sweet anise like odour. It contains methyl chavicol, cineole and linalool.

Tulsi is aromatic, carminative, stimulant and antiseptic. It prevents derangement of liver function and carbon tetrachloride induced mortality; in addition to increase in physical resistance and cell mediated immunity.

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Ingredients : Ark Variyali
English Name : Saunf, Fennel
Latin Name : Foeniculum vulgare

Color- Green to yellowish brown Odour- Sweet aromatic Taste- Strongly aromatic Size- 5 to 10 x 2 to 4 mm Shape- Straight or slightly curved.

It consists of 3 to 7% of volatile oil,about 20% each of proteins and fixed oil.the chief active constituent of the volatile oil is a ketone,fenchone (about 50%),the other constituent are phellandrene,limonene,methyl chavicol,anisic aldehyde etc.

It is used as a carminative, an aromatic and a stimulant. it is also an xpectorant.

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Ingredients : Mocharas
English Name : Indian silk cotton tree
Latin Name : Salmalia malabarica

Arachidic, linoleic, myristic, oleic and palmitic acids; seeds contain carotenes, n-hexacosanol, ethylgallate and tocopherols; the gum contains gallic and tannic acids, yields L-arbinose, D-galactose, D-galacturonic acid and D-galactopyranose. Younger roots contain more sugars (arabinose and galactose 8.2%) and peptic substances (6.0%) than the older ones. They contain mucilage, starch (71.2%), mineralmatter (2.1%), tannins 0.4 and non-tannins 0.1%, along with other constituents.

It is mainly used in the condistions of dysentery, diarrhoea, bleeding piles, colitis, haemoptysis in pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza and menorrhagia, It is used for chronic inflammation of bladder, kidney also for calculus affections, cutaneous affections, blood dysentery, diarrhoea, dysentery, haemoptysis, bleeding piles, menorrhagia, spermatorrhoea, skin eruptions, boils, acne, pimples, chickenpox, smallpox, catarrhal affections, chronic cystitis and genitourinary diseases.

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Ingredients : Marorfali
English Name : Mrigashriuqa
Latin Name : Helecteres isora

It’s an East Indian shrub often cultivated for its hairy leaves and orange-red flowers. Its young shoots are clothed with stellate hairs. Leaves are biferous, ovate, orbicular, obliquely cordate, irregularly crowded, scabrous above. Flowers are axillary clusters having 2 to 6 flowers together. They are bilabiate, red at first fading to lead colour latter. Fruits are follicle of 5 to 6. They are beaked, spirally coiled. Seeds are numerous and angular.

6% tannins Isorinic acid, rosmarinic acid glycoside, rosmarinic acid. 4-O- beta – D glucopyranosyl rosmarinic acid. 4′-O -beta- D glucopyranosyl isorinic acid.

The roots, stem and fruits are used as anti diarrhoeal, vermifuge, emolient and anti-inflammatory. Mainly for stomach ache, Nausea, Abdominal pain and vomiting.

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Ingredients : Isabgul
English Name : Isphagul seeds, spogel
Latin Name : Plantago ovata

Seeds contain 30 % mucilage. It also contains xylose, arabinose, galaecturonic acid, Rhanose, galactose, albumin, tannin and acetylecoline. The seeds pulp contains 14.7 % lilonic acid. Besides this it contains 5 % stable oil.